Art. 101 AEUV (ex-Artikel 81 EGV) - dejure.org

Handel 101

Handel 101 submitted by NipraxPSG to Polska_wpz [link] [comments]

Mordecai Shehori Plays Bach-Siloti, Handel, Beethoven, Chopin, Schubert-Liszt and Liszt(1994)[George Frederic Handel][Cembal d'amour CD 101]

Mordecai Shehori Plays Bach-Siloti, Handel, Beethoven, Chopin, Schubert-Liszt and Liszt(1994)[George Frederic Handel][Cembal d'amour CD 101] submitted by CommercialArticle to AlbumCN [link] [comments]

Dwampyverse Timeline (my take)

27000 BC - Tri-Stone Area
1542 - Doof Dynasty
1903 - Steampunx
1914 - Phineas and Ferb and the Temple of Juatchadoon
1930s - Phineas and Ferb‘s grandparents are all born
1950s - Major Monogram is born
Late 1950s/Early 60s - Linda and Lawrence are born
Summer 1961 - Doofenshmirtz is born
1965 - Orton Mahlson creates Doctor Zone
1960s/70s - Most of Doof’s backstories
1979/80 - Doof moves to America
1982 - Doof dates Linda
Late 1980s - Doof and Charlene get married
Late 1980s - Carl is born
1989/90 - Monty Monogram is born
1992 - Jeremy is born
Summer 1992 - Stacy is born
June 15, 1992 - Vanessa is born
July 11, 1993 - Candace is born
1994 - Zack is born
1995 - Melissa is born
September 1995 - Milo is born
1999/2000 - Buford, Baljeet and Irving are born
Summer 1999/2000 - Phineas and Isabella are born
February 29, 2000 - Ferb is born
2001/02 - Linda and Lawrence fall in love at a Love Handel concert
Summer 2003 - Phineas and Ferb adopt Perry
October 31, 2007 - That’s the Spirit
December 2007 - For Your Ice Only
December 24/25, 2007 - Phineas and Ferb Christmas Vacation!
December 31, 2007/January 1, 2008 - Happy New Year!
Summer 2008 - Phineas and Ferb
September 2008 - Doof 101
Fall 2008 - OWCA Files
October 31, 2008 - Drusselsteinoween
Fall/Winter 2008 - Milo Murphy‘s Law
Mid-2010s - Candace and Jeremy get married
Mid-2010s - Amanda is born
September 2018 - Act Your Age
2020 - Professor Time invents Time Travel
Early 2020s - Xavier and Fred are born
Summer 2028 - Quantum Boogaloo
2110s/20s - Cavendish is born
2130s - Dakota is born
2175 - the year Cavendish and Dakota are from
submitted by HotCaterpillar2 to phineasandferb [link] [comments]

The Top 500 most influential people of all-time according to Pantheon

Pantheon is a site by MIT that uses Wikipedia pages to create a formula to determine an individuals historical significance. The site has ranked over 70,000 people. Here is a page detailing how the formula works

Here are the top 500 People of all-time

500: Deng Xiaoping
499: Johan Cruyff
498: Pope Gregory I
497: Marquis de Sade
496: Stan Lee
495: Mark Antony
494: Rabindranath Tagore
493: Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria
492: Henri Becquerel
491: Bayezid II
490: William Wallace
489: James Joyce
488: Morgan Freeman
487: Gustavus Adolphus of Sweden
486: Wallis Simpson
485: Stefan Zweig
484: Al-Ghazali
483: Recep Tayyip Erdoğan
482: Otto I, Holy Roman Emperor
481: Akbar
480: Abdul Hamid II
479: Pierre de Fermat
478: Origen
477: Jan van Eyck
476: Uthman
475: Kösem Sultan
474: Benedict of Nursia
473: Michel de Montaigne
472: Pope Clement VII
471: Josef Mengele
470: Maximilian I, Holy Roman Emperor
469: Gabriel García Márquez
468: Al-Farabi
467: Umberto Eco
466: John Wilkes Booth
465: Amenhotep III
464: Kim Jong-il
463: Pol Pot
462: Jean-Auguste-Dominique Ingres
461: Elizabeth Báthory
460: Janis Joplin
459: Marlon Brando
458: Vespasian
457: Sappho
456: Pope Alexander VI
455: Adolf Eichmann
454: Angela Merkel
453: Isaac
452: Igor Stravinsky
451: Philip IV of France
450: Auguste Rodin
449: Hermann Göring
448: Mehmed III
447: Al Pacino
446: Ernest Rutherford
445: Francis Drake
444: Fibonacci
443: Ingmar Bergman
442: Ruhollah Khomeini
441: Husayn ibn Ali
440: Anne Boleyn
439: Claudius
438: Gustave Eiffel
437: Maria Montessori
436: Gian Lorenzo Bernini
435: Bartholomew the Apostle
434: Bertrand Russell
433: Eugène Delacroix
432: Murad I
431: Stanley Kubrick
430: Martin Luther King Jr.
429: Howard Hughes
428: Hokusai
427: Ignatius of Loyola
426: 14th Dalai Lama
425: Cardinal Richelieu
424: Jonah
423: Muammar Gaddafi
422: Michel Foucault
421: Friedrich Schiller
420: Pope Pius XII
419: Marlene Dietrich
418: Matsuo Bashō
417: Piet Mondrian
416: Guglielmo Marconi
415: Pope John Paul I
414: Wassily Kandinsky
413: Lord Byron
412: Louis XIII of France
411: Pierre Curie
410: Thomas More
409: Ludwig Wittgenstein
408: André-Marie Ampère
407: Grigori Rasputin
406: Xerxes I
405: Charles Baudelaire
404: Thucydides
403: James Clerk Maxwell
402: Jane Austen
401: Pope Paul VI
400: Isabella I of Castile
399: Zheng He
398: Brigitte Bardot
397: Pierre-Auguste Renoir
396: Clint Eastwood
395: Osman I
394: Émile Durkheim
393: Wilhelm II, German Emperor
392: Giacomo Casanova
391: Florence Nightingale
390: Galen
389: Auguste Comte
388: Pope Benedict XVI
387: Bayezid I
386: Édouard Manet
385: Euripides
384: Plutarch
383: Pope John XXIII
382: Denis Diderot
381: Pepin the Short
380: Democritus
379: Pablo Escobar
378: Skanderbeg
377: Anthony of Padua
376: Simone de Beauvoir
375: Diogenes
374: Erwin Rommel
373: Aristophanes
372: Philip II of Spain
371: John the Apostle
370: Herod the Great
369: Tiberius
368: Henry Dunant
367: Rajneesh
366: Sun Tzu
365: Catherine de' Medici
364: Ivan Pavlov
363: Theodosius I
362: Abu Bakr
361: Charles Martel
360: Paracelsus
359: Henry Ford
358: Leonid Brezhnev
357: Boris Yeltsin
356: Émile Zola
355: Murad III
354: Carl Jung
353: Darius the Great
352: Antonín Dvořák
351: Edvard Grieg
350: Yasser Arafat
349: Ashoka
348: Cher
347: Mary I of England
346: Max Planck
345: David Hume
344: Audrey Hepburn
343: F. Scott Fitzgerald
342: Eratosthenes
341: Hieronymus Bosch
340: Daniel Defoe
339: Alexander Fleming
338: Ibn Khaldun
337: Giacomo Puccini
336: Michael Jackson
335: Karl Benz
334: Niels Bohr
333: Hypatia
332: Hadrian
331: Martin Heidegger
330: Mimar Sinan
329: Édith Piaf
328: Murad IV
327: Lorenzo de' Medici
326: Rumi
325: Alexander Graham Bell
324: Chiang Kai-shek
323: Thomas Mann
322: Oscar Wilde
321: Philip II of Macedon
320: Hermann Hesse
319: Bartolomeu Dias
318: Søren Kierkegaard
317: Aeschylus
316: El Greco
315: John Maynard Keynes
314: Ibn Battuta
313: Arthur Conan Doyle
312: Astrid Lindgren
311: Akihito
310: James, son of Zebedee
309: George Orwell
308: Pieter Bruegel the Elder
307: Donatello
306: Alain Delon
305: Henry IV of France
304: Ahmed I
303: Louis XV of France
302: Antoine Lavoisier
301: Henrik Ibsen
300: Heinrich Himmler
299: Alessandro Volta
298: Walt Disney
297: Franklin D. Roosevelt
296: Diocletian
295: Gregor Mendel
294: Niccolò Paganini
293: Saint Nicholas
292: Marcel Proust
291: Nebuchadnezzar II
290: Gustav Klimt
289: Margaret Thatcher
288: Hirohito
287: Alfred Hitchcock
286: Averroes
285: Stendhal
284: Mary II of England
283: Alan Turing
282: Napoleon III
281: Frederick I, Holy Roman Emperor
280: Vladimir Putin
279: Laozi
278: Titian
277: Coco Chanel
276: John Lennon
275: Empress Elisabeth of Austria
274: Henri Matisse
273: Robert Schumann
272: Mother Teresa
271: Andrew the Apostle
270: Giuseppe Garibaldi
269: Hernán Cortés
268: Benjamin Franklin
267: Paul Cézanne
266: Horace
265: Mehmed the Conqueror
264: Pontius Pilate
263: Miguel de Cervantes
262: Ali
261: George Wahsington
260: Richard I of England
259: Giovanni Boccaccio
258: Jan Hus
257: Matthew the Apostle
256: Ivan the Terrible
255: Henry Kissinger
254: Karl Lagerfeld
253: Bruce Lee
252: Kim Il-sung
251: Rosa Luxemburg
250: Selim I
249: Omar Khayyam
248: Johannes Brahms
247: Francisco Franco
246: Trajan
245: Nicholas II of Russia
244: Neil Armstrong
243: Friedrich Engels
242: Alexandre Dumas
241: Alexander Pushkin
240: James K. Polk
239: Nicolae Ceaușescu
238: Saddam Hussein
237: Agatha Christie
236: Thales of Miletus
235: John Calvin
234: Gustav Mahler
233: Franz Liszt
232: Justinian I
231: Hammurabi
230: Erasmus
229: Saint Joseph
228: Mark Twain
227: Selim II
226: Steven Spielberg
225: Diego Velázquez
224: Malcolm X
223: Nikita Khrushchev
222: Charles Dickens
221: Pericles
220: Franz Joseph I of Austria
219: Paul Gauguin
218: Sandro Botticelli
217: James Cook
216: Mary, Queen of Scots
215: Henry VIII of England
214: Ptolemy
213: Pocahontas
212: Spartacus
211: Anne Frank
210: Elvis Presley
209: John F. Kennedy
208: Johannes Vermeer
207: Petrarch
206: Amerigo Vespucci
205: Roald Amundsen
204: Hillary Clinton
203: Marcus Aurelius
202: Akhenaten
201: Albert Camus
200: Heraclitus
199: Josip Broz Tito
198: Ovid
197: Le Corbusier
196: Martin Van Buren
195: Ernest Hemingway
194: Edvard Munch
193: Caligula
192: Marie Antoinette
191: Michael Faraday
190: Freddie Mercury
189: Arthur Schopenhauer
188: Charles de Gaulle
187: Catherine the Great
186: Huang Xianfan
185: Ramesses II
184: Fidel Castro
183: Leon Trotsky
182: Thomas Hobbes
181: Antoine de Saint-Exupéry
180: Aesop
179: Bob Marley
178: Max Weber
177: Peter the Great
176: Sophocles
175: Leonhard Euler
174: Vlad the Impaler
173: Honoré de Balzac
172: Francisco Goya
171: Hurrem Sultan
170: Epicurus
169: Louis XVI of France
168: Aaron
167: Montesquieu
166: Antoni Gaudí
165: Elijah
164: Ronald Reagan
163: Dmitri Mendeleev
162: Caravaggio
161: George Frideric Handel
160: Qin Shi Huang
159: Sylvester Stallone
158: Judas Iscariot
157: Seneca the Younger
156: Mary Magdalene
155: Commodus
154: Pelé
153: Anton Chekhov
152: Jean-Paul Sartre
151: Francis of Assisi
150: Jacob
149: Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor
148: Nostradamus
147: Richard III of England
146: Maria Theresa
145: Umar
144: Jack the Ripper
143: Queen Victoria
142: Nefertiti
141: Saint George
140: Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz
139: Yuri Gagarin
138: Franz Schubert
137: Mikhail Gorbachev
136: Joseph
135: Giordano Bruno
134: Jules Verne
133: James Watt
132: Joseph Haydn
131: Claude Monet
130: Peter Paul Rubens
129: Nero
128: Baruch Spinoza
127: Stephen Hawking
126: Louis Pasteur
125: Pope John Paul II
124: Euclid
123: Marilyn Monroe
122: Virgil
121: Richard Wagner
120: John Locke
119: Abraham Lincoln
118: Winston Churchill
117: Giuseppe Verdi
116: Thomas Aquinas
115: Albrecht Dürer
114: Cicero
113: Frida Kahlo
112: Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel
111: Attila
110: Mao Zedong
109: Edgar Allan Poe
108: Johannes Kepler
107: Carl Friedrich Gauss
106: Otto von Bismarck
105: Constantine the Great
104: Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky
103: Muhammad ibn Musa al-Khwarizmi
102: Suleiman the Magnificent
101: Molière
100: Zoroaster
99: Francis Bacon
98: Benito Mussolini
97: Hannibal
96: Leo Tolstoy
95: Alfred Nobel
94: Hippocrates
93: Franz Kafka
92: Blaise Pascal
91: Augustine of Hippo
90: Herodotus
89: David
88: Solomon
87: Cleopatra
86: Victor Hugo
85: Muhammad Ali
84: John the Baptist
83: Carl Linnaeus
82: Tutankhamun
81: Saladin
80: Niccolò Machiavelli
79: Voltaire
78: Charlie Chaplin
77: Jimmy Carter
76: J. R. R. Tolkien
75: Antonio Vivaldi
74: Hans Christian Andersen
73: Salvador Dalí
72: Elizabeth I of England
71: Timur
70: Fyodor Dostoevsky
69: Friedrich Nietzsche
68: Mahatma Gandhi
67: Nikola Tesla
66: Johannes Gutenberg
65: Adam Smith
64: Paul the Apostle
63: Charlemagne
62: Johann Wolfgang von Goethe
61: Jean-Jacques Rousseau
60: Mustafa Kemal Atatürk
59: Raphael
58: Avicenna
57: Frédéric Chopin
56: Marie Curie
55: Nelson Mandela
54: Thomas Edison
53: Pythagoras
52: René Descartes
51: Vladimir Lenin
50: Sigmund Freud
49: Augustus
48: Thomas Jefferson
47: Pope Francis
46: Homer
45: Vasco da Gama
44: Elizabeth II
43: Immanuel Kant
42: Rembrandt
41: Mary, mother of Jesus
40: Pablo Picasso
39: Joseph Stalin
38: Joan of Arc
37: Louis XIV of France
36: Che Guevara
35: Ferdinand Magellan
34: Charles Darwin
33: Dante Alighieri
32: Nicolaus Copernicus
31: Abraham
30: Karl Marx
29: Moses
28: Vincent van Gogh
27: Saint Peter
26: Martin Luther
25: Archimedes
24: Confucius
23: Johann Sebastian Bach
22: Gautama Buddha
21: Michelangelo
20: William Shakespeare
19: Donald Trump
18: Julius Caesar
17: Socrates
16: Galileo Galilei
15: Albert Einstein
14: Aristotle
13: Christopher Columbus
12: Marco Polo
11: Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
10: Plato
9: Adolf Hitler
8: Napoleon
7: Alexander the Great
6: Ludwig van Beethoven
5: Isaac Newton
4: Genghis Khan
3: Leonardo da Vinci
2: Jesus
1: Muhammad
submitted by iMiscellaneous2 to history [link] [comments]

The Saga of Upgrading a Sprocket and Chain on an 81 XT250.

Well, it all started out with a broken chain. Actually, my chain got caught up in the gearbox. Upon pushing the bike home 3 miles, I removed the gearbox cover on the left side and discovered that the chain was tangled up quite a mess. After somehow, accidently popping off the master-link. (To this day, I'm not even sure if it was the master-link, but it cracked open with a screw driver)
I got the chain loose. That's when I noticed my sprocket was missing some teeth. Figure I'd order a new sprocket and chain.
I decided to go up one Tooth. I went from a 15t (supposedly stock) broken sprocket, to a 16t sprocket. Fresh. I also ordered a stylish, new, 98link chain, because I figured, what the hell.
Now depending on who you ask, the 1981 Xt250 chain specs are as follows..
520 Chain with a 98 link Length.
Depending on who you ask, the Stock sprocket for a 1981 XT250 is either 15T or 16T - I previously had a 15T sprocket with a 98L Chain, with the Rear Tire set at a 7 Click. Still following me here?
New Chain comes in. New Sprocket comes in. I'm now running a 16T sprocket on a 98L chain. Guess what? Chain is too short. So I bring the Rear tire ALL THE WAY to a 5 CLICK. MEaning the axel adjustment is on 5, instead of 7.
Needless to say, the new chain still didn't fit and I used the old chain. With the old chain on, (new master link) - The bike Felt very UNSTABLE. Something about it. After much discussion, chain measuring, and thought, I decided that bringing the tire forward on the axel adjusters is the reason the bike feels unstable.
See, I got used to riding the bike around on CLICK 7 for 6 months. With the Axel adjuster on CLICK 5, it felt like I was rolling around on Ice Skates. Had to be careful on my turns, didn't want to lean. She just felt a little more "SLIPPERY."
Sprocket felt a bit nicer. I had more low end RPM at higher speed, which is what I wanted, since I like to do a lot of road miles. But, due to the handeling.. she goes back to the shop.
Back to the Shop she goes. And NOW I'm sitting with the chain, sprocket, shifter, gearbox cover off. She sits. I'm throwing on both the Old Chain, and new chain. I'm measuring her up and down according to specs. Now the Chain has to be between 50-60mm in clearance. I'm putting that adjuster on 5, 5.1, 5.2, 6, 6.1,6.2, 7, 7.1,7.2, - Every damn milimeter I move that rear axel, I sure as shit measure it down and record my findings.
I find that my OLD CHAIN needs two teeth, to most likely be compatible with my sprocket. Which would mean ordering a 100L chain. Right? After all the measurements and the psychotic obsession. The next step is measuring the new chain. And guess what? that Chain, according to my playing around and obsessing over each link, I figure my new chain needs to be a 101 length chain.
But Chains don't come in ODD NUMBERS! So guess what? I settled on a 100Length chain, and am going to pray for the best. Total cost came out to somewhere around $300 for the chains, the sprocket, the grease, and some other bullshit I needed.
There is nothing like taking your bike apart and putting it back together and riding down the road. The obsession of my two wheel'd love comes from the Joy of riding her. Had I not experienced such joy from this 40 year old machine, and every groveling exhaust note, I wouldn't go through the painful lessons I've had to deal with in repair and maintnence.
WISH ME LUCK fellas. Wish me luck this new chain with 100links fits on this bike. It is according to spec. It's a 520 - 100l chain made by D.I.D. so it SHOULD work.
IF ALL ELSE FAILS, I will order a new 15T sprocket and just throw, the 98l chains on that, and pray for the best. I don't know if you guys feel my pain, but ordering the wrong parts is painful.
submitted by CastingCallIE to xt250 [link] [comments]

RCM Syllabus Level 1-5: List of Pieces Available on IMSLP

The RCM syllabus can be useful for choosing beginner pieces adequate for your level, however about half of the pieces are not in the free domain. Here is a list of those pieces that are:
Grade 6-8
Grade 9-10
Grade 1:
Bach: Aria in F Major, BWV Anh. 131 Bach: BWV 514 Beethoven: WoO 86 Écossaise in E flat Major Clementi: Pyrenese Melody Duncombe: Sonatina in C Major Haydn: Hob. IX:22 #3 German Dance in G Major Hook: op. 81 Allegretto in C Major Krieger: Minuet in A Minor Mozart: Minuet in D Minor Mozart: K 3 Allegro in B flat Major Mozart: K 2 Minuet in F Major Telemann: TWV 33:17 Andante in G Minor Türk: The Ballet Türk: The Hunting Horns and the Echo Türk: Arioso in F Major Gedike: op. 36 A Happy Tale (#31) Gedike: op. 36 A Sad Song (#39) Gedike: op. 6 A Little Piece (#2) Grechaninov: op. 98 Fairy Tale (#1) Gurlitt: op. 117 Rocking (no. 6) Gurlitt: op. 117 The Hunt (no. 15) Kabalevsky: op. 39 March (no. 10) Kabalevsky: op. 39 Waltz (no. 13) Diabelli: op. 125 Etude in C Major (no. 3) Gurlitt: op. 117 Morning Greeting (no. 13)
 
Grade 2:
Arnold: Op. 12 Gavotte in C Major (#2) Bach: BWV 515 Aria in D Minor Bach: BWV 822 Minuet III in G Major Beethoven: WoO 23 Écossaise in G Major Clarke: King‘s March Diabelli: op. 151 #2 Sonatina in C Major 2nd movement Handel: HWV 494 Impertinence Handel: HWV 450 Menuet Mozart: K 1c Allegro in F Major Mozart: K 6 Menuetto in C Major Mozart: K 1e Minuet in G Major Neefe: Allegretto in C Major Purcell: ZT 676 Air in D Minor Purcell: ZT 685 Hornpipe (#15) Rameau: Menuet en rondeau Scarlatti: K 73b Sonata in C Major Schubert: D 299 Écossaise #8 Telemann: TWV 33:16 Fantasia in D Major 3rd section Türk: A Cheerful Spirit Türk: Contentment Türk: Gavotte in A Major Bartók: Children at Play (no. 1) Bartók: Children’s Song (no. 2) Grechaninov: op. 98 Farewell (no. 4) Grechaninov: op. 123 Little Beggar (no. 2) Khachaturian: An Evening Tale Reinecke: op. 183, no. 2 Serenade in G Major Reinecke: op. 183, no. 2 Elegy Schumann: op. 68 Soldier’s March (no. 2) Tchaikovsky: op. 39 The Sick Doll (no. 7) Bartók: Sz.107 Little Dance in Canon Form (no. 31) Gedike: op. 36 Fugato (no. 40) Kunz: op. 14 Canon in F Major (no. 95) Czerny: op. 261 Etude in C Major (no. 3) Gedike: op. 36 Etude in C Major Gurlitt: op. 82 Etude in D Minor (no. 65) Hässler: op. 38 Moderato in C Major (no. 5) Kabalevsky: op. 39 Scherzo (no. 12) Köhler: op. 190 Etude in F Major (no. 27)
 
Grade 3:
Anon.: Minuet in A Minor Bach: BWV Anh. 126 Musette in D Major Bach: BWV Anh. 119 Polonaise in G Minor Handel: HWV 491 Gavotte in G Major Handel: HWV 516a Minuet in F Major Kirnberger: Bourrée in D Major Mattheson: Menuet in E flat Major Petzold: BWV Anh. 114 Minuet in G Major Petzold: BWV Anh. 115 Minuet in G Minor Purcell: Z T683 Hornpipe in B flat Major Telemann: TWV 32:1 Gigue à l’angloise Attwood: Sonatina in G Major 1st movement Beethoven: Anh. 5 Sonatina in G Major 1st and 2nd mov. Biehl: op. 94, no. 4 Sonatina in A Minor 1st mov. Clementi: op. 36 Sonatina in C Major (#1) one mov. Gedike: op. 36 Sonatina in C Major (no. 20) Mozart: K 3 Allegro in B flat Major Mozart: K 6 Menuetto II in F Major, from Sonata in C Major Mozart: K 7 Minuet in D Major Türk: Carefree Happiness Bartók: Sz. 42 Play (no. 5) Bartók: Sz. 42 Allegro moderato (no. 15) Bartók: Sz. 42 Sorrow (no. 7) Gedike: op. 6 A Little Piece (no. 11) Grechaninov: op. 98 In Camp (no. 2) Grechaninov: op. 98 In the Woodland Glade (no. 6) Grechaninov: op. 98 Cradle Song (Lullaby) (no. 9) Grechaninov: op. 98 After the Ball (no. 13) Grechaninov: op. 123 Morning Walk (no. 1) Grechaninov: op. 123 Sad Song (no. 4) Hässler: op. 38 Andantino in A Major (no. 31) Kabalevsky: op. 39 Clowns (no. 20) Schumann: op. 68 Melody (no. 1) Shostakovich: op. 69 Merry Tale (no. 4) Tchaikovsky: op. 39 Morning Prayer (no. 1) Bartók: Sz.53 Minuet Burgmüller: op. 100 Arabesque (no. 2) Czerny: op. 261 Etude in D Minor (no. 53) Czerny: op. 261 Etude in C Major (no. 81) Czerny: op. 777 Etude in F Major (no. 22) Gurlitt: op. 101 Morning Prayer (no. 2)  
Grade 4:
C.P.E. Bach: BWV Anh. 122 March in D Major Bach: BWV 808 Musette Bach: BWV Anh. 113 Minuet in F Major Bach: BWV Anh. 116 Minuet in G Major Bach: BWV Anh. 121 Minuet in C Minor Bach: BWV Anh. 132 Minuet in D Minor Handel: HWV 471 Air in B flat Major Handel: HWV 461 Air in D Minor Handel: HWV 363b Bourrée Scarlatti: K 32 Aria Stölzel: Italian Air Telemann: TWV 33:21 Fantasia in E Minor 3rd section Telemann: TWV 33:7 Fantasia in G Major 2nd section André: op. 34 Sonatina in C Major (no. 1): Rondo Beethoven: WoO13 German Dance in E flat Major (no. 9) Clementi: op. 36 Sonatina in G Major (#2) 2nd or 3rd mov. Diabelli: op. 151, no. 1 Sonatina in G Major one mov. Diabelli: op. 168, no. 1 Sonatina in F Major 1st mov. Gurlitt: op. 188 Sonatina in G Major (#3) 1st mov. Haydn: Hob. XVI:29 Sonata in F Major 3rd mov. Reinecke: op. 136, no. 4 Sonatina in A Minor 1st mov. Schmitt: op. 83, no. 1 Sonatina in G Major 2nd mov. Schmitt: op. 249 no. 2 Sonatina in G Major 1st mov. Türk: German Song Wesley: op. 4, no. 8 Sonatina in B flat Major Bartók: Sz. 42 Children’s Game (no. 8) Bartók: Sz. 42 Allegretto (no. 22) Bartók: Sz. 42 Allegro non troppo (no. 33) Bartók: Sz. 42 Dance (no. 8) Bartók: Sz. 42 Andante, molto rubato (no. 28) Bartók: Sz. 42 The Highway Robber (no. 31) Bartók: Sz. 42 Farewell (no. 34) Gurlitt: op. 205 Little Flower in F Major (no. 8) Hässler: op. 38 Allegro in G Major (no. 19) Kabalevsky: op. 39 Hopping (no. 18) Rebikov: op. 31 The Little Shepherd (no. 8) Schumann: op. 68 The Wild Horseman (no. 8) Schumann: op. 68 The Happy Farmer (no. 10) Schumann: op. 68 The First Loss (no. 16) Shostakovich: op. 69 Sad Tale (no. 5) Tchaikovsky: op. 39 The Doll’s Funeral (no. 7) Tchaikovsky: op. 39 Italian Song (no. 15) Tchaikovsky: op. 39 Old French Song (no. 16) Bartók: Sz.107 Little Etude (#77) Czerny: op. 139 Etude in E Major (no. 66) Czerny: op. 823 Etude in G Major (no. 53) Duvernoy: op. 176 Etude in C Major (no. 24) Gurlitt: op. 101 Cradle Song (no. 6) Heller: op. 45 The Avalanche (no. 2) Kabalevsky: op. 39 Folk Dance (no. 17) Karganov: op. 25 Prayer (no. 5)  
Grade 5:
C.P.E Bach: BWV Anh. 124 March in G Major J.C.F Bach: Angloise in D Major Bach: BWV 836 Allemande in G Minor Bach: BWV 939 Little Prelude in C Major Bach: BWV 817 Menuet in E Major Bach: BWV 842 Minuet in G Minor Dieupart: Passepied Graupner: Intrada in C Major Handel: HWV 582 Fuga (Sonatina) in G Major Handel: HWV 585 Sonatina in B flat Major Kirnberger: Gigue in D Major Krebs: Scherzo in C Major Rameau: Deux rigaudons, from Suite No. 1 Scarlatti: K 34 Sonata in D Minor Scarlatti: K 40 Sonata in C Minor Scarlatti: K 42 Sonata in B flat Stölzel: Bourrée, from Partita in G Minor Telemann: TWV 33:14 Fantasia in C Major 2nd section Telemann: TWV 33:35 Fantasia in E flat Major 2nd section Zipoli: op. 1 Verso in E Minor Beethoven: WoO 10, no. 2 Minuet in G Major Beethoven: WoO13 no. 1 Twelve German Dances Beethoven: WoO13 no. 5 Twelve German Dances Beethoven: Anh. 5 Sonatina in F Major 1st or 2nd mov. Cimarosa: Sonata No. 17 in D Minor Clementi: op. 36 Sonatina in G Major (no. 2) 1st mov. Clementi: op. 36 Sonatina in C Major (no. 3) 1st mov. Clementi: op. 36 Sonatina in G Major (no. 5) 3rd mov. Diabelli: op. 168 Sonatina in F Major (no. 1) 2nd mov. Diabelli: op. 168 Sonatina in G Major (no. 2) 1st mov. Diabelli: op. 168 Sonatina in C Major (no. 3) 1st or 3rd mov. Gurlitt: op. 214 Sonatina in A Minor mov. 1 or 2+3 Haydn: Hob. XVI:10 Sonata in C Major 1st mov. Haydn: Hob. XVI:8 Sonata in G Major mov. 1 or 3+4 Hummel: op. 52 Six pièces très faciles Kuhlau: op. 55, no. 1 Sonatina in C Major mov. 1 or 2 Latour: Sonatina in G Major 3rd mov. Lichner: op. 4, no. 2 Sonatina in F Major 1st movement Mozart: K 5 Minuet in F Major Mozart: K 15hh Rondo in F Major Mozart: K 439b Viennese Sonatina in C Major (no. 1) 2nd mov. Spindler: op. 157, no. 4 Sonatina in C Major Wesley: op. 5, no. 1 Sonata in A Major Bartók: Sz. 42 Children’s Dance (no. 10) Bartók: Sz. 42 Moderato (no. 26) Bartók: Sz. 42 Jest (no. 27) Bartók: Sz. 42 Lento (no. 11) Bartók: Sz. 42 Teasing Song (no. 18) Bartók: Sz. 42 Romance (no. 19) Bartók: Sz. 42 Game of Tag (no. 20) Beach: op. 25 Pierrot and Pierrette (no. 4) Bortkiewicz: op. 30 The Hardy Tin Soldier (no. 3) Granados: op. 1 Dedication (no.1) Grechaninov: op. 123 Waltz Grieg: op. 12 Waltz (no. 2) Kabalevsky: op. 39 A Slow Waltz (no. 23) Karganov: op. 6, no. 2 Arabesque Karganov: op. 25 March of the Tin Soldiers Kirchner: op.62 Miniature in C Minor (no. 15) Koechlin: op. 61c La maison heurese (no. 3) Niemann: op. 46 Cradle Song Reinecke: op. 77 Romanza (no. 8) Rowley: op. 42 The Lake (no. 9) Schumann: op. 68 Hunting Song (no. 7) Schumann: op. 68 Little Folk Song (no. 9) Schumann: op. 68 Siciliano (no. 11) Schumann: op. 68 A Little Romance (no. 19) Shostakovich: op. 69 Clockwork Doll Tchaikovsky: op. 39 Polka (no. 10) Tchaikovsky: op. 39 Mazurka (no. 11) Tchaikovsky: op. 39 Sweet Dreams (no. 21) Burgmüller: op. 100 Sweet Sorrow (no. 16) Czerny: op. 139 Etude in G Major (no. 38) Gurlitt: op. 140 Longing (no. 11) Heller: op. 119 Prelude in C Major (no. 1) Kabalevsky: op. 39 Prelude (no. 19) Kirchner: op. 55 Allegretto in C Major (no. 10) Maykapar: op. 31, no. 6 Staccato Prelude Rowley: op. 42 Dulcimer Tune (no. 7) Tchaikovsky: op. 39 In Church (no. 24)
submitted by hannomak to piano [link] [comments]

Here is the 10 year piano progression according to the traditional Italian education system

1st Year
BARTOK, Mikrokosmos vol. I BEYER, op. 101 BERTINI, op. 137 CZERNY, op. 599 DUVERNOY, op. 176 KOEHLER, op. 157
TROMBONE, First canons POZZOLI, First exercises in polyphony KUNZ, 200 canons
Anna Magdalena notebook
2nd Year
Scales: Major, minors in parallel motion
CZERNY, op. 849, op. 636 DUVERNOY, op. 176, op. 120, op. 276 BARTOK, Mikrokosmos vol. II & III BERTINI, op. 29 HELLER, op. 45
Anna Magdalena's notebook J. S. BACH, Little preludes and fugues
CLEMENTI, Op. 36, 37, 38 KUHLAU, Sonatinas DUSSEK, Sonatinas MOZART, Viennese Sonatinas
3rd Year
Scales: Major, minors in parallel and contrary motion Arpeggios
CZERNY, op. 636, op. 299, op. 740 HELLER, Etudes op. 45, 46, 47 BERTINI, op. 32 BARTOK, Mikrokosmos vol. III & IV
BACH: Two-part inventions BACH: French suites
various classical Sonatinas or Sonatas
4th Year
BERTINI, op. 134 CRAMER, 60 Etudes by Bulow CZERNY, op. 299, op. 834, op. 740 LISZT, Etudes op. 1
BACH, Sinfonias BACH, English suites
Sonatas by MOZART, HAYDN, CLEMENTI, BEETHOVEN
5th Year (lower level exam)
6th Year
Scales double thirds and double sixths
CLEMENTI, Gradus ad Parnassum
Etudes: MOSCHELES MENDELSSOHN RUBINSTEIN THALBERG KESSLER Toccata by CZERNY
D. SCARLATTI, Sonata
BACH, Well-Tempered Clavier, vol. I.
Sonatas: BEETHOVEN SCHUBERT WEBER MOZART HAYDN CLEMENTI
7th Year
CLEMENTI, Gradus ad Parnassum D. SCARLATTI, Sonata BACH, Well-Tempered Clavier, vol.II.
Sonatas: BEETHOVEN SCHUBERT WEBER
8th Year (intermediate level exam)
9th Year
Etudes: CHOPIN LISZT SCRIABIN RACHMANINOV DEBUSSY SAINT-SAENS
10th year (Final Board Exam for Diploma)
Prepare a 60-75 min recital selecting one from each of these groups:
submitted by megahui1 to piano [link] [comments]

Big list of beginner pieces (up to level 5)

Level 1:
Bartók: Mikrokosmos I Beyer Op. 101 Gurlitt Op. 117 Gurlitt Op. 82 Berens Op. 70 Kunz Op. 14 Diabelli Op. 125 Czerny Op. 823 Czerny Op. 500 Clementi Op. 42 Manookian: Gradus Satie: Menus propos enfantins Bartók Sz.53 Schmoll: Klavierschule Gurlitt Op. 187 Bertini: Méthode Köhler Op. 190 Köhler Op. 300 Argentesi: Catchy piano pieces Wilson: Early Piano Instruction Maylath: New Graded Piano Method Thompson: Adult Piano Course Sims: Beginner‘s Course Vilbac: École complète Mathews: Graded Course Thompson: Easiest Piano Course  
Level 2:
Bartók: Mikrokosmos II Czerny Op. 599 Bartók: For Children First Lessons in Bach Türk: 120 Handstücke Manookian: Scales, Arpeggios, Cadences Kabalevsky Op. 39 Löschhorn Op. 181 Gurlitt Op. 101 Nielsen: Hymns and Sacred Songs Diabelli Op. 149 Czerny Op. 481 Beethoven WoO 83 Gretchaninov Op. 98 Satie: Enfantillages Pittoresques Satie: Peccadilles importunes Toch Op. 59 Swinstead: Work and Play Lobos W048 Pozzoli: 30 studietti elementari Schmitt: Preparatory pieces Schmoll Op. 36 Reinecke Op. 136 Reinecke Op. 107 Chaminade: Album des enfants Gurlitt Op. 140 Couppey Op. 17 Bertini Op. 166 Köhler Op. 50 Köhler Op. 218 Schytte Op. 174 Schytte Op. 95 Maylath: First Quarter Beringer: Technische Studien Rowley: Early English Sonatinas Trojelli: Répertoire de Mademoiselle Lili Jans Op. 19 Sartorio: Sight Reading exercises Buttschardt: Klavier-Technik Griffes A.136 Simon Op. 464 Anthiome: Études élémentaires Lazar Op. 16 Battmann Op. 319 Bolck: 12 Tonstücke Ribas: Les petits Pierrots Fuchs Op. 47 Panchenko Op. 17 Hirsch Op. 74 Oesten Op. 61 Hirsch Op. 46 Gatti: Eight little pieces  
Level 3:
Bartók: Mikrokosmos III Notebooks for Anna Magdalena Bach Nannerl's Music Book Czerny Op. 139 Burgmüller Op. 100 Lynes Op. 39 Hanon: The Virtuoso Pianist Streabbog Op. 63 Czerny Op. 636 Haydn Hob.IX:10 Beethoven WoO 70 Manookian: Etudes for the Young Pianist Kabalevsky Op. 27 Gedike Op. 36 Grechaninov Op. 123 Khachaturian: Album for children I Toch Op. 58 Stravinsky: 5 Easy Pieces Carroll: Musical Exercises Longo Op. 43 Gurlitt Op. 130 Gurlitt Op. 141 Gurlitt Op. 198 Couppey Op. 24 Beyer Op. 36 Schubert D.980b Schubert: 8 Ecossaises Schubert D.299 Bertini: 12 Short Pieces Schytte Op. 66 Ladukhin: 10 Pieces Heller Op. 46 Rebikov Op. 31 Stanford: 6 Sketches Struth Op. 117 Evler: Daily Exercises Rowley: 5 Miniature Preludes & Fugues Casella Op. 35 Krause Op. 1 Gussakovsky: 4 Albumblätter Nölck Op. 166 Godard Op. 149 Benda: 34 Keyboard Sonatinas Kardontchik: Short Pieces Duvernoy Op.176 Bossi Op. 133 Gozenpud: 8 Easy Etudes for Piano Giordani Op. 25 Indy Op. 74 Stenhammar: 3 Little Piano Pieces Neidlinger Op. 12 Fibich Op. 41 Bach: Little preludes and fugues Thompson: Velocity Studies Dohnányi: Finger Exercises  
Level 4:
Bartók: Mikrokosmos IV Tchaikovsky: Album for the Young Clementi Op. 36 #1 Schumann Op. 68 Clementi Op. 36 Kuhlau Op. 55 Mozart The London Sketchbook Beach Op. 36 Beach Op. 25 Gretchaninov Op. 139 Bloch B. 49 Prokofiev Op. 65 Schumann Op. 15 Granados Op. 1 Fuchs Op. 32 Klavierbüchlein für Wilhelm Friedemann Bach Telemann TWV 30:21-26 Handel: 37 Minuets Rameau: Pièces de clavecin avec une méthode Krieger: 6 Musikalische Partien Czerny Op. 261 Czerny Op. 777 André Op. 44 Beethoven WoO 10 Beethoven WoO 13 Czerny Op. 849 Gedike Op. 6 Gretchaninov Op. 133 Gretchaninov Op. 141 Gretchaninov Op. 150 Bartók Sz. 39 Pozzoli: La tecnica giornaliera Hindemith Op. 45 Reinecke Op. 183 Schumann: Easy Preludes Gurlitt Op. 205 Gurlitt Op. 50 Couppey Op. 10 Bertini: 12 Little Pieces and Preludes Berens Op. 88 Berens Op. 61 Schytte Op. 174 Rebikov Op. 37 Rebikov Op.31 Rebikov: Album for the Young Kirchner Op. 71 Duvernoy Op. 276 Viëtor: Little Suite for Piano Solo Benjamin: 3 Little Pieces Busoni: Klavierübung in 10 Büchern Meyer: 12 Little Pieces Marston: Album for Children Lemoine Op. 37 Isida: 5 Pieces Sims: Advanced Course Ornstein SO 66 Reger Op. 17 Moszkowski Op. 91 Amani Op. 15 Dyson: Adrian's Book Williams: Suite of 6 Short Pieces Arnold Op 12 Maykapar Op.28 Beneking: 24 Nocturnes Kirchner Op. 55 Latour: 4 Progressive Sonatinas  
Level 5:
Telemann 36 Fantaisies Bach: 15 Inventions Mozart: Viennese Sonatinas Diabelli Op. 168 Kuhlau Op. 88 Dussek Op. 19 Glière Op. 43 Grieg Op. 12 Kirchner Op. 62 Bach BWV 939-943 Bach: 389 Chorals Beethoven Op. 119 Beethoven Anh.5 Czerny Op. 335 Cimarosa: Keyboard Sonatas Dussek: 12 Leçons progressives André Op. 34 Hummel Op.52 Clementi Op. 43 Czerny Op. 299 Gedike Op. 8 Gretchaninov Op. 119 Nielsen Op. 11 Prokofiev Op. 22 Carroll: River and Rainbow Carroll: Sea Idylls Pozzoli: Studi di media difficoltà Schmoll: Album de Lecture Reinecke Op. 77 Schumann Op. 16 Debussy: Children's Corner Gurlitt Op. 214 Grieg Op. 66 Grieg Op. 17 Grieg EG 103 Mendelssohn Op. 72 Korganov Op. 25 Korganov Op. 6 Concone Op. 24 Finck: 2 Little Dances Moscheles Op. 70 Cramer: 50 Selected Studies Cramer Op.30 & 40 Cramer: 60 Selected Studies Ladukhin Op. 10 Heller Op. 138 Heller Op. 45 Heller Op. 16 Duvernoy Op. 298 Guilmant Op. 48 Walter: In Southern Seas Schäfer: 4 Petits morceaux Blagoy: Album for the Young Glimes Op. 17 Spindler Op.157 Pierné: Album pour mes petits amis Lichner Op. 4 Pachulski Op. 23 Reinhold Op. 39 Philipp: Exercises Sibelius Op. 34 Charpentier Op. 6 Krebs-WV 800 Godowsky: Progressive Exercises Farrenc Op. 50 Allard: Blues Etudes Allard: 12 Little Preludes Joseffy: First Studies for the Piano Volkmann Op. 27 Maykapar Op. 31 Bortkiewicz Op. 30 Lyapunov: 6 Little Pieces Kirchner Op. 60 Kullack Op. 62 Niemann: Im Kinderland Clementi Op. 44
submitted by hannomak to piano [link] [comments]

Sydney This Weekend August (24th and 25th)

Free Crap

Flea Market Crap

Outside Crap

Sports Crap

Performance and Gig Crap

Uncategorized Crap

Crap you guys Suggested

Crap Survey
It would be great if you guys can take a min of your time to fill This out for me, so ill know what i can focus on for the up coming Crap List, much appreciated!!!

First of all like to thanks u/AnorhiDemarche for the tips and guidance this Crap might not be the best Shit, but it is still some Crap.
This is the first time im doing this kind of thing so fellow Sydney be patience with me, ill try do my best and fit all your needs, and please feel free to criticize this Carp if needed, plus If you have any suggestions like me to add to the Crap just let me know.
This is a Trial run so if things goes well, might post a list of crap every Month/Fortnight/week depends on you guys like it or not
Just For Insurance
This is Crap list is simply accumulate from various websites I’m not the event planner nor the organizer, I’m purely doing this to crop with my own crap in life. Please double check with the coordinators for time and date of the event. I am not here to promote or spam anything on Sydney just putting information for people want to have fun this weekend future Crap may subject to change.
submitted by cocoaAMP to sydney [link] [comments]

[For Trade] Too much to list, located in Nashville TN

$150 for all records minus Walt Disney and unopened records. Otherwise, trade is preferred. Pick up only.
I just came across a rather large collection that someone could make money with patience or add to their collection.
PM me for my phone number and I can send pictures.
I have approximately too many records that I want to trade or sale or give away including:
Ohio Players - Contradiction (mint unopened) $100
Conway Twitty (various albums including the Loretta ones) $40
Mamas and papas (sorry flippers, no toilets - various) $10
Ecology - Environment / Evolution (unopened) - $15
Lots of movie soundtracks (gone with the wind, pink panther, a face in the crowd, west side story, Shirley temple, etc etc) $50
nat cole (various albums) $20
Baja marimba band (various albums) $5
Lots of symphony and orchestra items - $40
Roger Williams - $10
The turtles battle of the bands - $15
Boots Randolph (lots of albums) $20
David Frye - $5
Alabama - $5
The best of Chris Christian (unopened) - $10
Ken griffin (unopened) - $10
What the world needs now is love - unopened - $10
Freddie hart - country heart n soul (unopened) - $10
Robert Lamm - skinny boy (unopened) - $10
The mason Williams phonograph record (unopened) - $10
Tons of Walt Disney (Mary poppies, Winnie the Pooh, Cinderella, Snow White, Handel and Gretel, Brer Rabbit, Peter Pan, so dear to my heart, Robin Hood, Tina ballerina, Mickey and the beanstalk, the little engine that could, 101 Dalmatians) - $150
Puff the magic dragon (various) - $10
Sesame Street - $2
Wizard of oz - $2
Dr. Seuss - fox in Socks : green eggs and ham. - $10
Lots of nursery and children’s vinyl - $5
Lots of country - $40
The hi los - $5
Percy faith - $5
George Jones (lots) - $10
Kenny Rogers (lots) - $40
Tammy Wynette - $5
JFK speeches - $5
Lots of herb Albert - $5
Mad TV - $5
Jesus Christ super star - $5
Various comedy vinyls - $5
Anne Murray - $5 Streisand - $5
Diary of Anne frank - $20
Murray McLaughlan - Song from the street (unopened) - $10
ZZ Hill - The Best the that’s ever happened to me (unopened) - $25
Billy Swan - I can help (unopened) - $10
Nana Mouskouri Sings Over &Over (unopened) - $10
Basil Rathbone reads Edgar Allen Poe - $10
Stephen Michael Schwartz - unopened - $15
Buck Owens (various) - $5 Ray price (various) - $10 Elvis - $5 Tommy overstreet $5
Various America / patriot albums - $10
Various Christmas albums (bing cosby, frost the snowman, mahalia Jackson, Elvis, Christmas with the stars) $15
Barry manilow (multiple) $15 Heywoods $5 The partridge family (various) $10
To The Moon II: The Story in Pictures and Text (books and vinyl recording and stuff of moon landing) $40
Various compilation albums - $15
Gershwin $5
Pagliacci complete opera $5
Hundreds of albums I still haven’t gone through.
Nearly everything in my collection is up for trade or sale, so feel free to offer. I will be updating my discogs collection over the next couple of weeks as I dig through more of these boxes are continue to sort the records.
https://discogs.page.link/WD8i
submitted by TotallyNotABotOrCat to VinylCollectors [link] [comments]

We just had a New Kadampa Tradition fanstan show up to sniffily attempt to school us on using "biased" sources

So typical of culties to show up and disdainfully sniff that we critics simply don't know what we're talking about. This is the standard "Shut up shut up SHUT UP!" technique that is supposed to cause us to feel ashamed that we have not managed to obtain our critic's approval! Obviously, their approval should be the all-important motivator for us, because that's how interpersonal relationships work in cults - duh! But they don't seem to realize that we have no need for their approval; we're going to do whatever interests us, and their disapproval don't mean SQUAT to us!
Yeah, Geshe Kelsang Gyatso is missing in action, that’s why he wrote a book last year and gave teachings but let’s not let facts get in the way of culty conspiracy theories which are far more sensational and interesting! It seems you’re missing in action if you’re not on social media every day but just quietly getting on with helping others without a fanfare.
If you want to know more about NKT, it might be a good idea to check out more than one (biased) source. Source
Hey, we've never had a NKT fanboi/fangurl here before! Guess what - it's a CULT! LOL!
Here's an article for anyone who's interested:
It Slowly Dawned On Me That I Had Actually Been Sucked Into A Cult: A New Kadampa Survivor Testimony
It actually hits all the cult notes we're familiar with from the Society for Glorifying Ikeda:
As my time in the NKT came to an end, I reflected on the experience and it slowly dawned on me that I had actually been sucked into a cult. At first it doesn’t appear like that but gradually it becomes obvious — due to the total isolation of the group from all other forms of Tibetan Buddhism, or any Buddhism for that matter.
Same with SGI. Ikeda prides himself on paying for photo ops meeting with world leaders no one has ever heard of, but he's never met with any legitimate Buddhist leader. For obvious reasons. The Dalai Lama would mop the floor with his sorry ass.
The biggest obvious clue that it’s a cult is that they only read and study books by Kelsang Gyatso — you won’t find any other Buddhist books in an NKT centre.
Same with the Ikeda cult! ONLY Ikeda's name is permitted to be on the books for sale in an SGI centre - that, or something vague like "SGI Study Department". And this is entirely by plan - see also here for the purpose.
I won’t refer to him as Geshe Kelsang, because he never actually completed his Geshe training and has been expelled from his original monastery, for actions not becoming a Buddhist monk.
Well, well, well! Yeah, the SGI cult leader Ikeda wants everyone to call him "Sensei", but he never completed any training or certification or even study, being a community college dropout in his first semester. He still insists on being regarded as "the world's foremost authority on Nichiren Buddhism" and "the supreme theoretician" - all by virtue of being the cult leader. I guess that position itself confers knowledge and wisdom automatically - perhaps you can enlighten us on how this process works. It sounds fascinating.
The studying is not real studying either, because it’s just memorising his texts, so that you can become an NKT clone, parroting the same sentences in the same NKT style. People often comment how they all sound the same — it’s no wonder: NKT is like a sausage machine that takes ordinary people with spiritual aspirations and turns them into a type of robot: the KelsangBot. “Beware of the KelsangBots!”: Coming soon to a town near you!

EXACTLY the same in SGI!!

This is fascinating!!
I had been interested in the spiritual path for a long time, having found the ordinary pursuits of worldly life rather unsatisfying and meaningless. However, having been raised as a Catholic and then a Jehovah’s Witness, I was suspicious about organized religion generally, but thought naively that somehow Buddhism was different from Christianity because it did not require blind faith in the existence of God — they say it’s more like a psychology of thought than a religion.
Oh, brother - is that ever a familiar refrain! Yep, same in the SGI cult!
The first talk I attended was a free Public Talk in the spring on 1992 — it sounded like an innocuous and useful subject : The Art of Positive Thinking. During the persuasive and amusing talk given by Thubten Gyatso (Neil Elliott) I felt a sense of “coming home”, that at last someone was talking sense to me: that happiness could not be found in external conditions, but rather in discovering it within my own mind, rather like the sunshine that’s always there but sometimes gets obscured by clouds. I liked that analogy a lot.
LOL - this is hilarious! In a sadly familiar kind of way, of course.
So I wanted more, I wanted to find that sunshine hidden within my own mind, behind the dark miserable clouds that had plagued my mind throughout my life. I attended the General Programme classes every week and soon began to get involved in organising them and doing publicity work. I naively believed that if only people got to hear Thubten Gyatso speak, or even my own Resident Teacher, that they would see the Buddha dharma as the key to ending their suffering, as I did.
Chasing that lure of "happiness" the cult dangles always just out of reach, I see. Typical.
It wasn’t long before I was enrolled on the start-up Foundation Programme and busily working towards setting up a residential centre. After FP I often used to go for a walk with the Resident Teacher, whom I greatly admired and naively considered to be a friend. One day we were staring over the fence at the beautiful mansion headquarters of Sokkai Gakkai Buddhism and, with a wistful look in his eyes, he said that they must have very powerful protectors to own such a fabulous building. So much for the purpose of Protectors being to protect realizations — by my teacher’s own admission, the purpose of Protectors is for the acquisition of worldly wealth and power ie Nothing to do with dharma practice or realisations, nothing to do with actual Buddha dharma.
OMG!! There it is - not even 6 degrees of SGI! It's RIGHT THERE!!
She's right, of course - any group that admires SGI is filthy and corrupt. Like seeks like.
Soon we got a rented premises and I moved in. Luckily for me we could not afford to buy a centre, otherwise I would have sunk my savings into it and lost them, as has unfortunately happened to many others.
We all know THAT story, don't we?
However, I did give up my career path to work full-time for the growth of the centre, and with my teacher’s blessing began to sign on the dole instead. I was given the job of Education Programme Co-ordinator and with so much work being asked of me, I found little time to actually meditate. Despite that, it wasn’t long before I was asked to set up and teach a Branch class. My ego liked the idea of me being a teacher, but the reality soon hit me that far from feeling like an authentic teacher, I felt like a complete fraud as I sat there holding forth about “happiness from a different source” to a bunch of earnest seekers, when I still didn’t really have a clue about that type of happiness at all. I was faking it. We were indeed encouraged to fake it, until you make it.
That's the cultic way! It's all fake!
Gen Thubten came and gave empowerments twice in my time there. I heard him refer to Geshe-la (sic) many times as the “Third Buddha”.
Exactly the way the Soka Gakkai members in Japan have a history of referring to Ikeda as the "new true Buddha".
Once we all went to a restaurant in Reading afterwards where the owner was very friendly and had a picture of the Dalai Lama on his wall. “Gen-la” was polite but did not reciprocate the warmth
We've seen this exact same rudeness from SGI members. So much for "interfaith"...
I nudged the admin director and pointed to the picture, thinking that seeing this picture would please her and Gen-la. Far from it. She scolded me sternly, saying that she would not dream of offending her guru by pointing him to the picture. Judging by the black look on his face most of the time, he’d probably seen it already. I was flabbergasted and mystified — I tried to find out why exactly, but received only vague explanations. I chose to ignore the matter and carried on as usual.
Because that's what you do when you're in a cult and the cognitive dissonance is sizzling all around your consciousness. You're seeing that it isn't true, but you aren't ready to engage with that monstrous fact. Still, however frightful it appears, facts simply are - they aren't the emotionally-laden messes that pass for "truth" within intolerant religions like SGI and NKT.
With so much work constantly needing doing to run and expand the centre, and so many pujas to recite, especially with my new Highest Yoga Tantra commitment and all its complicated practices, I had little time for the actual meditation I’d imagined I would be doing. Thus it wasn’t long before I started to get ill with burn-out symptoms.
SGI takes advantage of and abuses its own membership this same exact way, with the same exact outcome - totally burned out, often falling ill due to the stress from all the demands the cult puts on the membership. Clearly, NKT is a sick system, and a broken system, too.
I remember waking up one morning in the centre and my body felt almost paralysed. It took a huge effort of will just to lift my arms or open my mouth to speak. Another resident who had become my friend called the doctor who came straight away — seemed she was concerned that I had had a stroke.
Another ambitious woman at the centre had a chat with me and offered to take over my job and I was delighted to hand over the reins to her, as I was worn out. This woman then went about making herself very unpopular by behaving like a bad-tempered tyrant, with the excuse that she was now the “lineage-holder” for Geshe-la’s will towards the centre, and thus if we questioned her authority and decisions it was because we had a “negative mind” and lacked “faith”. One of her decisions was to evict my friend from the centre because she was not pure NKT and therefore seen as “negative”. My friend was devastated and I tried to protect her from the eviction, which ultimately resulted in me being evicted as well. I was actually happy to leave as I had long wanted to go and live at Madhyamaka Centre — it seemed like such an idyllic life there.
Hahahahahaha!! Typical behavior of the SGI's petty tyrants leaders as well!
Once I arrived at Madhyamaka Centre I tried to make a formal complaint about the woman in charge at my old centre, but no senior people were interested. Samden just laughed at me.
Yup, business as usual in the SGI as well, a fellow broken system in which the leadership always have each other's backs against the membership:
In a system that is broken, it’ll be next to impossible to dislodge a troublesome person from leadership–because in a broken system, power guards itself. Those in power protect the other people in power at the expense of victims. They’ll hush up any fallout; they’ll silence victims; they’ll destroy anyone seeking to reform their group–and therefore potentially lessen their own power within it (or expose their own wrongdoing). Worse, the troublesome person in question knows that that is how the group will respond if and when the wrongdoing comes to light. Everyone in the group will all be downright shocked if anyone is ever held accountable for any damage done. Source
See?
What I did not realise then was the sort of antics that went on at my old centre were commonplace in NKT centres. Since then I have heard time and again of instances of the authoritarian management style and bullying that seems to go on as a matter of course in many, if not most, NKT centres.
That's simply typical cult behavior. You see that in all the cults. They're ALL authoritarian. The guru sits at the top with all the power calling all the shots, and you go along, or you go.
I settled in to life at Madhyamaka and soon got laden down with loads of work again ie I was put in charge of the kitchen and the food shop. However, the idyllic life I had imagined there did not materialise (obviously) and it began to feel like a pretty lonely, miserable life there.
Of course. One cult is pretty much exactly like another, and those who hop from cult to cult never get the benefits that were dangled in front of them to induce them to sign their lives away.
The sense of community was almost non-existent and the atmosphere was cold and indifferent.
Welcome to SGI!
Worse still, there were many instances I observed of careless, ego-driven behaviour that got me wondering whether any of this so-called spiritual practice was actually authentic at all.
And the answer is...NO IT IS NOT! SGI, NKT, no matter - all the same.
Instead, I began to feel that the place was teeming with psychologically damaged, lonely people unable to cope with the “real world” on one side, and on the other, a closed, smug clique of the “in crowd”. The so-called practices appeared inauthentic to me — most of these people seemed to be just trying to escape from the real world into some blissed out notion of a Pure Land, just papering over the cracks in their damaged psyches with their so-called meditation. Here was “Spiritual Bypassing” in action.
Ooh! We were just talking about "Spiritual Bypassing"! Again!
The fixed false smiles and the glassy-eyed expressions began to make me feel like I was in a kind of psychiatric hospital with nice grounds.
Most of these people were probably wrapped up in spreading the teaching, and that was why they all seemed to be, well, just a little out of it. They must be missing the point! By now, they could have amassed an amazing amount of happiness, and must have satisfied all kinds of desires, piling up the benefits. Why then did they remind me of pictures I had seen of patients in mental hospitals? Source
See? Identical!
Any mention of the role of psychotherapy in helping people was always met with scorn — “just abandon self-cherishing and cherish others instead and all will be well — Geshe-la’s Dharma is all you need”. But it isn’t.
Yet another parallel! Take a look:
I've many times heard leaders say that, if you practice properly, you shouldn't need medication, that improving your body's functioning is one of the "conspicuous benefits" of "correct faith", so you should aim at getting off those sinful meds as soon as you possibly can. Source
I was shocked to find that many SGI members advised against taking medication for conditions like clinical depression and anxiety. Certainly, there's the notion that if you do enough chanting, you should be able to fix anything, but there is less prejudice against taking medication for other reasons -- statins for high cholesterol, antibiotics for infection, etc. This is not limited to SGI, however. A Catholic friend of mine -- an educated professional woman -- surprised me when she criticized a relative of hers for taking antidepressants. "If she trusted in Christ, she wouldn't despair!" this woman exclaimed.
I said, "Oh, and you take Simvastatin for your cholesterol! Why don't you just ask God to lower your cholesterol!?" This kind of thinking irritates me! We're not living in the damn 1400's, where people thought you could get a fever because a witch put a spell on you because they had no way of knowing otherwise! Source
Some SGI leaders do seem to have a bias against psychiatry, and medication, and advise members with delusions, depression, OCD, or whatever to chant more and practice harder to overcome this. Why is it "taking the easy way out" to take prozac -- but it's okay to take cholesterol medication? I don't know. It's not right. Source
SEE??
I was finding the Highest Yoga Tantra practices very difficult and not in the least helpful in the cultivation of a peaceful mind. I found the endless hours of puja practice tedious and very reminiscent of my previous life as a Catholic: being bored to death at Mass and doing Penance.
Yup - chanting "million daimoku campaigns" and describing the practice as feeling like an "endless painful austerity"... Of course, you were Bad and Wrong if you admitted that's what it felt like, but the description was so commonplace - it had to come from somewhere...
I also read in one of Geshe-la’s books that if you abandoned your commitment to HYT practice the bad karma accrued would result in countless aeons in hell.
Oh, you mean like THIS??
“In the teaching of Nichiren, one attains Buddhahood by correctly following the path of mentor and disciple. If one veers from the path of mentor and disciple, then even if one upholds the Lotus Sutra, one will fall into the hell of incessant suffering.” Source
This is hilarious!
Catholicism again. I went to my teacher for reassurance that if I gave up HYT and went back to basics that I wasn’t going to hell. He could not give me such an assurance — perhaps thinking that the threat of hellish rebirth would keep me in line. Very Catholic. In desperation I sought, and was granted, an audience with “Geshe-la” himself. I tried to explain to him the difficulties I was having, hoping for some personal guidance. I may as well have said nothing, because he took no personal interest in me whatsoever and just doled out the same old trite, potted advice: do Heart Jewel everyday and if I had time to do Wishfulfilling Jewel and Dakini Yoga as well (or something equally useless). Meeting him didn’t help me whatsoever.
She's lucky he didn't slap her the way Ikeda slapped Orlando Bloom when he first met the Big Sensei!
In one class about anger, I held up my hand to ask about the view of some Buddhist teachers that all emotions can have a positive side, including anger: “In what way could anger ever have a positive side?” I asked. The teacher said she knew nothing about that, as I “should know” in the NKT they study only Geshe-la’s books. She gave me a big smile but her eyes were not smiling — they had that hard steely look of warning to me: that I should know better than to ask such a thing. Annoyed and embarrassed by her put down, and dissatisfied with what I was hearing, I never went back. Some years later I heard that same nun eloped with her junior sidekick teacher, a young monk — apparently because she was “lonely”. Obviously, she and many like her, are just play-acting at being wise and virtuous ordained teachers, and after a while they just can’t keep up the pretence of being something that they clearly are not.
Saw that in spades within SGI as well. Same same.
The last time I visited Madhyamaka centre the news had just broken that Gen Thubten (Gen-la) had been forced to disrobe, under threat from one of the “in-crowd” elite group, that if he did not, she would go to the press and reveal that he had been breaking his vows of chastity with impunity, having “tantric” sex with basically anyone he fancied. Seems he had tried it on with her, despite the fact that she was actually married too. Worse still, it was said that Geshe-la even knew about it, but because Thubten Gyatso was considered “special”, his actions would not accrue bad karma. Indeed, the women involved should count themselves lucky that having received his blessed “white drops”, they would get enlightened quicker!! What a pile of absolutely repellent hogwash: sexually abusive men masquerading as spiritual teachers, turning sexual exploitation into “spiritual practice”.
Oh yeah! New Kadampa's shady reputation is both well known and well deserved.
On that day in 1996 there was also a coach in the car park. My friend, who was relaying to me the news about Gen-la, was getting ready to go off on it. She told me that they were going to protest against the Dalai Lama because, according to her teacher, due to his “ban” on Shugden, the Shugdenpas in India were experiencing “persecution”. I asked her if she had seen any proof of persecution, to which she sheepishly replied “No — but if my teacher says it’s true, then I have to believe her. I have to keep my faith in my teacher”.
The Ikeda cult says everyone has to hate Nichiren Shoshu because they're somehow invisibly "persecuting" SGI - see "Soka Spirit".
I commented that she was out of her mind and asked her to remember Buddha’s advice: just because somebody says it’s true, doesn’t necessarily mean it is true, no matter who said it, even the Buddha himself. But she wasn’t listening. I never saw her or spoke to her again. Nor did I want to.
Oh, yeah, that whole "think for yourself" concept doesn't go over at all well with culties.
I was pretty enraged by what I’d heard about “Gen-la” too. How could he be such a hypocrite I thought, as my mind went back to one of his Teacher Training Weekends that I had attended: he had told us in no uncertain terms that sexual relationships between students and teachers were a complete no-no — totally out of bounds. So it was one rule for us, and another for him then — presumably because he thinks he’s “special”.
I'm afraid that's Cult Leader 101. That's WHY they do it - so they can exploit everyone else and get ALL the goodies for themselves!
I barely gave the NKT any more thought at all after1996/7, apart from an incident in 1999 when I bumped into an ex-NKT monk at an NLP seminar. He had once been a rabid media spokesman for Kelsang Gyatso in the 1996 round of protests, but I did not know that at this time. He told me that he had left the NKT, disillusioned and disgruntled: he had been sent to Spain as a monk/teacher where he had fallen in love and gotten a girl pregnant. When he asked him for help, Geshe-la reacted with a lot of anger at what had happened, but told him in the end not to worry about it, that he forgave him and to come back to England, forget the girl and baby, and that they would basically do one of their cover-up jobs. This ex-monk was pretty disgusted by Geshe-la’s response, and despite his previous fanaticism, he finally saw the light. So there’s hope for Rabten et al yet. His story was shocking but it also confirmed to me that I had made the right choice: Kelsang Gyatso is not a genuine spiritual master and the NKT does not practice authentic Buddhist teachings.
See also SGI is misrepresenting itself as BUDDHISM and SGI/Mahayana Similarities to Evangelical Christianity.
Fast forward to late 2012 when I caught sight of an erstwhile NKT monk singing in the choir of Handel’s Messiah at the Albert Hall. I went home and googled New Kadampa Tradition and was met with an avalanche of personal accounts and information that affirmed, in no uncertain terms, my suspicions about the NKT all those years ago. No trace of that monk anywhere either — he had obviously left.
Obviously, NKT flushes everyone down the memory hole exactly the way fellow cult SGI does, especially defectors!
I was also horrified to see and read what they were saying about the Dalai Lama: it seemed to me this was a clear case of transferred subconscious hostility, because everything they were saying about the Dalai Lama was actually true of Kelsang Gyatso and the NKT — the allegations of hypocrisy, denial of religious freedom, ostracisation, bullying, abuse, all the lies — sounded like a day in the life of an average NKT Centre to me.
Swap in "Nichiren Shoshu High Priest Nikken Abe" and "Nichiren Shoshu" as the targets, and you've got the SGI's "The Temple Issue", aka "Soka Spirit".
nothing more than a deluded fantasy of ego-driven spiritual materialism, where the need for authentic self-knowledge is passed over, in the constant striving to gain the merit and blessings
Oh brother - is THAT ever spot on for SGI as well!
Self-defeating Disney Dharma. Missing the point entirely.
I like that!
Nor is it so different from Catholicism either: Catholics were once fooled into thinking they could buy Indulgences to guarantee a place in heaven; NKT members are fooled into thinking if they dedicate their hearts and minds, and all their energy, time and money to the NKT and Kelsang Gyatso, they are getting merit tokens in return, to buy their entry into the “Pure Land”. It’s basically the same idea just dressed up in a different way for a different brand of organised religion, both of which seem to regard the accumulation of gold and temporal wealth as somehow being the work of the Lord. But at least the Catholics do carry out secular charitable work, which is more than the NKT do — the only recipient of their charity is NKT Property Incorporated (Special Gold Palaces Project) and its subsidiary company, the ISBC.
Yep, that's how the cults all operate! With a focus on contributions and recruiting, and everything inward-facing, only for the benefit of the cult and its guru. Whether that guru is Kelsang Gyatso or Daisaku Ikeda, the only difference is whatever face this predator-parasite is wearing that day.
I wouldn't have given NKT another thought except for that comment, and running this down has been both eye-opening and fun! I now am more educated about the NKT cult, and I have the local NKT scold to thank! I'm just amazed how they find us out here in the reddit backwater boonies, though.
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The Weekly Freshness for the week beginning Sunday, November 10, 2019

Part 1
Welcome to The Weekly [Fresh]ness! Fresh /hiphopheads posts every week.
Sunday, November 10, 2019
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[FRESH VIDEO] Dave - Professor X link 315 Teecolz
[FRESH] Larry June - Product of the Dope Gang link 54 smeezydotcom
[FRESH ORIGINAL] BOOKS - Yuh! (Prod. pvnda) link 53 readup98
Monday, November 11, 2019
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[FRESH VIDEO] Danny Brown - Best Life link 1520 PengrNot
[FRESH VIDEO] JPEGMAFIA - Free The Frail (feat. Helena Deland) [Official Video] link 1078 EverythingButSins
[FRESH] Desiigner -- DIVA link 945 Lord_Hexogen
[FRESH] Vince Staples, 6LACK, & Mereba - Yo Love link 565 tvanek26
[FRESH] ONEFOUR - In the Beginning link 111 thedellah
[FRESH VIDEO] Desiigner - DIVA link 55 blANK_NX
Tuesday, November 12, 2019
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[FRESH ALBUM] Lil B - Loyalty Casket link 713 alisgod
[Fresh] TNGHT - II EP link 526 ghostmacekillah
[FRESH] Trippie Redd- Death feat. DaBaby link 364 luk0as
[FRESH VIDEO] Lil Peep - Belgium link 326 kkimon
[FRESH ALBUM] Medhane - Own Pace link 268 VaccineWaters
[FRESH] FKJ - Ylang Ylang EP link 134 perkyterrible__
[FRESH VIDEO] Da$H - Different link 117 S070
[FRESH] Lil B ft Tommy Wright III - Secret link 110 jeremicci
[FRESH VIDEO] Matt Watson - NO NUT NOVEMBER (ft. Freddie Dredd, Kill Bill: The Rapper & Carson Tucker) link 74 bobhobobstudios
Wednesday, November 13, 2019
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[FRESH] Glass Animals & Denzel Curry - Tokyo Drifting link 1468 nildramwrites
[FRESH] Reason ft. Ab-Soul - Flick It Up link 1096 grizzsaw12
[FRESh] 03 Greedo and Kenny Beats - Maria link 426 SteezosaurusRex
[FRESH VIDEO] The Game - Stainless [Official Video] ft. Anderson .Paak link 312 MikeThe25
[FRESH VIDEO] Baby Keem - Orange Soda link 234 WatterMelon
[FRESH] Knxwledge. - WT_PRT15 link 184 fuzzybuttocks
[FRESH] Clayjay - Three Lone Pines feat. Key! link 138 jacksdaniel
[FRESH] NIGHT LOVELL - CHERRY ICECREAM link 101 zacmac77
[FRESH VIDEO] Bas - Nirvana feat. Falcons and B. Lewis (Official Video) link 76 dasautomobil
[FRESH VIDEO] BJ The Chicago Kid: NPR Music Tiny Desk Concert link 64 MikeThe25
[FRESH VIDEO] L'Orange & Jeremiah Jae - Behavior Report link 52 BroderBerg
Thursday, November 14, 2019
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[FRESH VIDEO] YBN Cordae - Nightmares Are Real (feat. Pusha T) link 1140 MikeThe25
[FRESH] JME- Grime Mc link 257 Yosemite3
[FRESH VIDEO] PLAYTHATBOIZAY - POISON KLAN FEAT. DENZEL CURRY & ANONYMUZ link 207 sfmuges
[FRESH] playboi carti - * i promise you ! [prod. 16yrold] link 180 HappyHandel
[FRESH] Elucid - Oblivion Reflex (Prod. JPEGMAFIA) link 73 Ehiltz333
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Avendaishar's Guide to Classical Music: Medieval through Classical

So...why make this list?

Imagine if someone said to you, "I don't like art." You ask them why not, and they respond, "Well, I saw this painting by Monet, and it was all blobby and weird. The closer I looked, the less I could make of it. So I'm just not a fan of art." Doesn't that sound strange? Everyone knows that disliking all art because of one painter is not logical. A person may not like a certain style (although it helps to make sure one understands it before dismissing it!), but they know there's going to be something out there that they will like.
 
But when people say "I don't like classical" because they've heard Bach or Mozart and found it boring, no one thinks that's strange at all... yet the situation is the same. Eastern and Western classical music traditions span thousands of years and many cultures. People who judge all of classical music based on the works of one or two composers from one small region in Europe over a period of about 150 years are very likely missing out on a style they would love if they only gave it a chance.
 
This is not an all-inclusive list, of course, and I tried to keep things as simple as possible with the time period divisions and descriptions. I’ve often left out the most popular work(s) associated with the composer (e.g. Beethoven’s 5th and 9th) because those don’t need to me to champion them. I preferred to list other pieces, all personal favorites of mine, that provide a rough road map through the classical music world for those who haven’t listened to much beyond Pachelbel’s Canon. (Note: I'm focusing on Western classical music only because that's what I'm familiar with.)
 
Because there’s so many (really, I tried to pare it down!), I’ve italicized those I particularly recommend.
 

Medieval era (about 500 to 1400)

Western music notation was developed during this time, and there was a strong emphasis on writing music for churches. The best example of early medieval church music was plainsong, or Gregorian chant, which involved singing one melody line in unison (monophonic). Polyphonic music, where voices are combined not in unison but in different parts, developed in the later medieval era, but even then, the type of chords used were restricted to those felt to be the most pure and least dissonant. Outside of the church, secular vocal and instrumental music developed, too, often for use at courts.
 
 
Other composers to check out: Leonin, Philippe de Vitry, Guido d’Arezzo, Anthonello de Caserta.
 

Renaissance era (about 1400 to 1600)

While Renaissance arts and architecture focused on symmetry and the use of classical elements of style, music continued a steady progression towards a greater use of polyphony (where voices are combined not in unison but different parts). Much choral music was written for churches, an example of which being the Latin mass, but secular vocal and instrumental music also developed to a greater degree. The harmonic and tonal developments made during this time are still present today at the foundation of music of all types, not just classical.
 
 
Other composers to check out: Johnannes Ockeghem, Jacob Obrecht, Heinrich Isaac, Guillaume Dufay, Thomas Weelkes, Thomas Morley, Thomas Tallis, Orlando di Lassi, William Byrd, John Dunstable, and Claudio Monteverdi. If you liked the Renaissance instrumental music listed above, check out ensembles like Piffaro and the New York Renaissance Band, which specialize in early music.
 

Baroque era (about 1600 to 1750)

The Baroque era in art and architecture came from a growing dissatisfaction with the ordered rationale and rules of the Renaissance. It deserted the symmetrical and the conventional, choosing shapes such as ovals over straight lines or circles, and was all about dramatic curves and florid decorations. In music, this found expression in complex combinations of melodies (counterpoint) and improvisation. Just as in 20-21st century jazz, musicians of the Baroque era were expected to add musical embellishments to the written score.
 
 
Other composers to check out: Heinrich Schutz, Alessandro Scarlatti, Dietrich Buxtehude, Jean-Baptiste Lully, Francesco Geminiani, Johann Hasse, George Philipp Telemann, Henry Purcell, Domenico Scarlatti.
 
Comparing music with architecture:
 

Classical era (around 1750 to 1820)

At this time, European arts and architecture experienced a revival of interest in antiquity, especially Greek antiquity, a movement called classicism. The Classical era of music was a reaction to the excesses of the Baroque. While Baroque music had been florid and complicated with multiple simultaneous melody lines (counterpoint), music from the Classical era had cleaner lines and more simplicity in its texture (one melody supported by harmonies).
 
 
Other composers to check out: Antonio Salieri (no, he didn’t poison Mozart), J.C. Bach (another son of J.S.), Giovanni Battista Pergolesi, Muzio Clementi, Christoph Willibald Gluck, Johann Stamitz, Luigi Boccherini, Gioacchino Rossini.
 
Comparing music with architecture:
 
Continue to part two: the Romantic era to the present
 
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Brahms ranking

I have recently listened to all of Brahms works and compiled a ranking of the 100 best pieces. Brahms was a perfectionist, that's why basically all of his compositions are worth listening, the ranking is more or less a matter of taste and maybe complexity of the works. I'm just an amateur listener, so take this ranking with a grain of salt. The ranking is probably not too controversial, but if you have some major objections please let me know. Maybe it can encourage you to listen more to Brahms works, he's truly one of the best.
Rank Opus Title
100. Op. 94 Five Songs
99. Op. 8 Piano Trio No. 1
98. Op. 18 String Sextet No. 1
97. Op. 32 Nine Songs
96. Op. 28 Four Duets
95. Op. 10 Four Ballades
94. Op. 64 Three Quartets
93. Op. 40 Trio for Horn, Violin and Piano
92. Op. 62 Sieben Lieder
91. Op. 9 Variations on R. Schumann
90. Op. 39 Sixteen Waltzes
89. WoO 2 Movement III of the F-A-E Sonata
88. Op. 11 Serenade No. 1
87. Op. 21 Two Sets of Variations for piano
86. Op. 66 Five Duets
85. Op. 37 Three Sacred Choruses
84. Op. 53 Alto Rhapsody
83. Op. 97 Six Songs
82. Op. 103 Zigeunerlieder
81. Op. 59 Eight songs
80. Op. 61 Four Duets
79. Op. 93 Six Songs and Romances
78. Op. 89 Gesang der Parzen
77. Op. 56 Variations on Haydn
76. Op. 96 Four Songs
75. Op. 107 Five Songs
74. Op. 31 Three Quartets
73. Op. 87 Piano Trio No. 2
72. Op. 92 Four Quartets
71. Op. 110 Three Motets
70. Op. 65 Neue Liebeslieder
69. Op. 121 Vier ernste Gesänge
68. Op. 122 Eleven Chorale Preludes
67. WoO 21 Mondnacht
66. Op. 106 Five Songs
65. Op. 44 Twelve Songs and Romances
64. Op. 50 Rinaldo
63. Op. 79 Two Rhapsodies
62. Op. 95 Seven Songs
61. Op. 100 Violin Sonata No. 2
60. Op. 29 Two Motets
59. Op. 1 Piano Sonata No. 1
58. Op. 76 Eight Pieces for piano
57. Op. 13 Begräbnisgesang
56. Op. 23 Variations on Robert Schumann
55. Op. 74 Two Motets
54. Op. 80 Academic Festival Overture
53. Op. 93b Tafellied
52. Op. 105 Five Songs
51. Op. 6 Six Songs
50. Op. 109 Fest- und Gedenksprüche
49. Op. 112 Six Quartets
48. Op. 116 Seven Fantasias
47. Op. 67 String Quartet No. 3
46. Op. 16 Serenade No. 2
45. Op. 24 Variations on Handel
44. Op. 60 Piano Quartet No. 3
43. Op. 81 Tragic Overture
42. Op. 51 Two String Quartets
41. Op. 5 Piano Sonata No. 3
40. Op. 35 Variations on Paganini
39. Op. 49 Five Songs
38. Op. 15 Piano Concerto No. 1
37. Op. 55 Triumphlied
36. Op. 36 String Sextet No. 2
35. Op. 68 Symphony No. 1
34. Op. 88 String Quintet No. 1
33. Op. 99 Cello Sonata No. 2
32. Op. 108 Violin Sonata No. 3
31. Op. 38 Cello Sonata No. 1
30. Op. 117 Three Intermezzi
29. Op. 118 Six Pieces
28. Op. 75 Four Ballads and Romances
27. Op. 17 Four Songs
26. Op. 42 Drei Gesänge
25. Op. 78 Violin Sonata No. 1
24. Op. 104 Five Songs
23. Op. 111 String Quintet No. 2
22. Op. 27 Psalm 13
21. Op. 82 Nänie
20. Op. 90 Symphony No. 3
19. Op. 101 Piano Trio No. 3
18. Op. 119 Four Pieces
17. Op. 113 Thirteen Canons
16. Op. 120 Two Clarinet Sonatas
15. Op. 25 Piano Quartet No. 1
14. Op. 34 Piano Quintet
13. Op. 43 Four Songs
12. Op. 52 Liebeslieder-Walzer
11. Op. 114 Trio for Piano, Clarinet, and Cello
10. WoO 1 21 Hungarian Dances
9. Op. 73 Symphony No. 2
8. Op. 26 Piano Quartet No. 2
7. Op. 83 Piano Concerto No. 2
6. Op. 45 Ein deutsches Requiem
5. Op. 115 Clarinet Quintet
4. Op. 77 Violin Concerto
3. Op. 54 Schicksalslied
2. Op. 98 Symphony No. 4
1. Op. 102 Double Concerto
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De aanhoudende mensenrechtenschendingen in het Amazoneregenwoud, de plannen van president Bolsonaro van Brazilië om het Amazonewoud verder te vernietigen en de dubbele moraal die de EU hierover op nahoudt

Vragen van het lid Ouwehand (PvdD) aan de minister voor Buitenlandse Handel en Ontwikkelingssamenwerking over de aanhoudende mensenrechtenschendingen in het Amazoneregenwoud, de plannen van president Bolsonaro van Brazilië om het Amazonewoud verder te vernietigen en de dubbele moraal die de EU hierover op nahoudt. (ingezonden 1 augustus 2019)   1 Bent u bekend met de berichten in de internationale media ‘Bolsonaro declares 'the Amazon is ours'’ 1), ‘Bolsonaros 'alternative Fakten'’ 2), ‘Amazon deforestation accelerating towards unrecoverable 'tipping point'’ 3), ‘Braziliaanse goudzoekers vallen Wajãpi-reservaat binnen en vermoorden leider’ 4) en ‘Amazon gold miners invade indigenous village in Brazil after its leader is killed’? 5)   2 Kunt u bevestigen dat vijftig illegale goudzoekers vorige week het gebied van de Wajãpi-stam in het Amazonegebied zijn binnengevallen en dat een van de leiders van de Wajãpi-stam vermoord is? Kunt u bevestigen dat de rest van de stam vervolgens gevlucht is? Zo nee, wat is er dan gebeurd?   3 Heeft u gelezen dat stamlid Kureni Wajãpi in een gesprek met The Guardian liet weten te vinden dat Bolsonaro de aanval heeft aangemoedigd, en zei: “Dit komt door de president. Hij bedreigt de inheemse volken van Brazilië.”?   4 Sinds wanneer is u bekend dat president Bolsonaro de mensen die al vele generaties lang in het Amazonegebied leven ‘parasieten’ noemt?   5 Sinds wanneer is u bekend dat president Bolsonaro in een interview het volgende heeft gezegd: “Het is jammer dat de Braziliaanse cavalerie niet zo efficiënt was als de Amerikaanse, die de indianen heeft uitgeroeid.”?   6 Wat vindt u van deze uitspraken?   7 Kunt u bevestigen dat in het Yanomami-gebied en in de plaatsen Espigão d’Oeste en Placas er gewelddadigheden hebben plaatsgevonden, vermoedelijk uitgevoerd door illegale mijnbouwers en houthakkers? Kunt u bevestigen dat de Braziliaanse minister van milieu Ricardo Salles in een toespraak juist zijn steun heeft uitgesproken voor de activiteiten van deze mijnbouwers en houthakkers? Zo ja, wat vindt u ervan dat de minister die hoofdverantwoordelijk is voor de bescherming van het Amazoneregenwoud zich op deze wijze uitlaat? Zo nee, wat is er dan gebeurd?   8 Welke consequenties verbindt u aan de uitspraken van Bolsonaro, gelet op de handelsdeal tussen de EU en de Mercosur-landen, waaronder Brazilië, waarover u tot nu toe nog altijd enthousiast lijkt te zijn?   9 Kunt u bevestigen dat Brazilië met het voorliggende EU-Mercosur-handelsakkoord een groot afzetgebied krijgt voor producten die gepaard gaan met (deze) mensenrechtenschendingen?   10 Ziet u niet dat wanneer de EU een afzetmarkt biedt voor deze producten, de EU deze mensenrechtenschendingen in Brazilië stimuleert en/of mede op haar geweten heeft?   11 Waar ligt voor u de grens als het gaat om (beoogde) handelspartners die zich schuldig maken aan grove mensenrechtenschendingen?   12 Kunt u bevestigen dat er door menselijk handelen veroorzaakte verwoestijning van het Amazoneregenwoud plaatsvindt?   13 Heeft u gelezen dat president Bolsonaro de wetenschappelijke bevindingen van het Braziliaanse National Institute of Space Research (INPE) over de dramatische versnelling van de ontbossing van het Amazonewoud een ‘leugen’ heeft genoemd?   14 Kunt u bevestigen dat president Bolsonaro grote druk uitoefent op de directeur van het INPE over deze kwestie? Zo ja, wat vindt u ervan dat de regeringsleider van een land druk uitoefent op de directeur van een onafhankelijk wetenschappelijk instituut?   15 Kunt u bevestigen dat president Bolsonaro heeft gezegd dat geen enkel ander land invloed zal kunnen uitoefenen op wat er met het regenwoud gebeurt, omdat het regenwoud 'van Brazilië is'?   16 Kunt u bevestigen dat president Bolsonaro met name Duitsland heeft genoemd als land waar hij niet naar wil luisteren, omdat Duitsland grote hoeveelheden steenkolen bij de energieproductie gebruikt? Kunt u aangeven wat de reactie van de Duitse regering hierop is?   17 Kunt u bevestigen dat president Bolsonaro toestemming heeft gegeven voor zeer schadelijke mijnbouwactiviteiten in het Amazoneregenwoud? Hoe vallen deze activiteiten te rijmen met het implementeren van het Klimaatverdrag van Parijs door Brazilië?   18 Wat moeten we ervan denken dat de Europese Commissie oproept tot het tegengaan van ontbossing en erkent dat de belangrijkste veroorzaker van die ontbossing de vraag naar voedsel en veevoer is, terwijl diezelfde Europese Commissie het gigantische EU-Mercosur-vrijhandelsverdrag, dat aantoonbaar tot meer landbouwactiviteit in het Amazonewoud en nog meer ontbossing leidt, heeft afgesloten en door de Raad wil krijgen?   19 Kunt u zich voorstellen dat burgers weinig vertrouwen hebben in mooie Europese woorden over het tegengaan van ontbossing als de Europese Commissie handelsdeals die ontbossing in de hand werken belangrijker vindt? Steunt u de oproep van de Europese Commissie om ontbossing tegen te gaan? 6) Zo ja, bent u bereid dan ook de positie in te nemen die daar bijhoort en in verzet te komen tegen het Mercosur-vrijhandelsverdrag?   20 Waar ligt voor u de grens met handelspartners die zich schuldig maken aan het vernietigen van de natuur in hun eigen land?   21 Bent u bereid om zelf harde maatregelen te treffen en daar in Europa ook voor te pleiten, zoals bijvoorbeeld het stopzetten van de import van grote hoeveelheden landbouwproducten als rundvlees, kippenvlees en suiker die op dit moment vanuit Brazilië geïmporteerd worden en waarvan de productie een direct en bewezen verband heeft met de ontbossing van het Amazoneregenwoud? Zo nee, waarom niet?       1) https://www.theguardian.com/world/2019/jul/19/jair-bolsonaro-brazil-amazon-rainforest-deforestation   2) http://www.tagesschau.de/faktenfindebolsonaro-abholzung-regenwald-101.html   3) https://www.theguardian.com/world/2019/jul/25/amazonian-rainforest-near-unrecoverable-tipping-point   4) https://nos.nl/artikel/2295515-braziliaanse-goudzoekers-vallen-wajapi-reservaat-binnen-en-vermoorden-leider.html   5) https://www.theguardian.com/world/2019/jul/28/amazon-gold-miners-invade-indigenous-village-brazil-leader-killed 6) http://europa.eu/rapid/press-release_IP-19-4470_en.htm
  Datum: 1 augustus 2019   Nr: 2019Z15480   Indiener: Esther Ouwehand, Kamerlid PVDD   Bron:    tweedekamer.nl
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SAMMA wie kann es sein, dass es illegal ist kleinste Mengen Marihuana zu kaufen, aber es legal ist so viele Rizinus-Bohnen zu kaufen um daraus Rizin (einen Biokampfstoff!) produzieren zu können?!

Zum Kontext der Artikel Giftfund in Köln. Genauso ist der Handel und Besitz von Kokablättern, welche das Rauschgift Kokain in geringen Mengen enthalten, verboten. Im Gegensatz zu Rizinus-Bohnen kann man aber auf Kokablättern herumkauen, was auch die Einwohner entsprechender Gebiete tun / taten. Der Effekt ist vergleichbar mit dem Trinken eines Espressos und wegen der geringen Aufnahmemenge nicht schädlich. Eine einzige, EINE EINZIGE Rizinus-Bohne ist für Menschen schon gefährlich. Und die darf man normal kaufen, auch online. Der genannte Terrorist hat sogar 1000 Bohnen online legal bestellt! 1000 Bohnen, ICH GLAUB ES HAACKT! Zum Glück isses dem Verfassungsschutz aufgefallen, der wollte ja noch eine Bombe bauen. Aber trotzdem.

WAS!!

ZUM!!

FICK!!

!!!!!l

Persönliche Drogen verboten aber BioKAMPFSTOFFzutaten sin erlaubt? ICH GLAUB ICH SPINNE! Dieser Tunese hat es sogar geschafft das Rizin zu isolieren. Da werd ich ja zur AXT IM WALD! Oder KETTENsäge... Sind ja ein Völkchen der Maschinenbauer. Das aber KEIN PLAN HAT wenns irgendwie drüber hinausgeht. Mann man man man man man man... Soo. Ende der Durchsage. Ich gehe jetzt mit Monsieur Claude einen Wald fällen. Schönen Tag noch.
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10. Simulationsbericht

Link zum Savegame

https://drive.google.com/open?id=1tJ_Jqx_kBiY3meqPXKXn-qlPPFw_LJlE
Das Savegame einfach Runterladen und in den Ordner einfügen oder mit dem Textprogramm eures Vertrauens öffnen.

Link zum Imgur-Album

https://imgur.com/a/4b9ZC1F

letzter Bericht

https://redd.it/b9ei3l

Simulationswerte

Bei allen werten aus den Einkommen geht die Spannweite von 0 bis 1. Bei den Einkommen geht sie von -1 bis 1.

Geänderte Politiken

Politk alter Wert neuer Wert Grund
Grenzkontrollen 0,5 0,25 GV094
Polizeiapparat 0,8 0,869 GV094
Mautstraßen 0 0,75 GV095
Straßenbau 0,5 0,6 GV095

Simulationswerte

Parameter Aktueller Wert Letztes Quatal Δ Δ relativ
Gesundheit 0,949 0,946 0,003 0,4%
Bildung 1,000 1,000 0,000 0,0%
Kriminalität 0,022 0,026 -0,004 -16,3%
Gewaltverbrechen 0,000 0,000 0,000 0,0%
Armut 0,235 0,238 -0,003 -1,4%
Gleichberechtigung 0,680 0,679 0,001 0,1%
Die Umwelt 0,839 0,850 -0,011 -1,2%
Arbeitswoche 0,596 0,598 -0,002 -0,4%
Technologie 0,863 0,851 0,012 1,4%
Fahrzeugnutzung 0,652 0,661 -0,009 -1,4%
Bahnnutzung 0,356 0,378 -0,022 -5,8%
Busnutzung 0,555 0,488 0,067 13,7%
Produktivität 1,000 1,000 0,000 0,0%
Arbeitslosenzahlen 0,650 0,670 -0,020 -3,0%
CO2-Emissionen 0,337 0,352 -0,015 -4,3%
Flugreisen 0,585 0,543 0,042 7,8%
Immigration 0,685 0,669 0,016 2,4%
Energieeffizienz 0,937 0,896 0,041 4,6%
Rassische Spannungen 0,288 0,341 -0,053 -15,5%
Auslandsbeziehungen 0,580 0,519 0,061 11,8%
Internationaler Handel 0,556 0,540 0,016 3,0%
Ölbedarf 0,326 0,285 0,041 14,5%
Ölversorgung 0,466 0,470 -0,004 -0,8%
Ölpreis 0,430 0,407 0,023 5,7%
Niederige Einkommen -0,023 -0,039 0,016 40,3%
Mittlere Einkommen -0,259 -0,262 0,003 1,0%
Spitzeneinkommen -0,193 -0,191 -0,002 -1,2%
BIP 0,583 0,544 0,039 7,2%
Private Gesundheitsversorgung 0,042 0,057 -0,015 -26,1%
Privatwohnungen 0,751 0,761 -0,010 -1,3%
Privatschulen 0,206 0,221 -0,015 -6,6%
Privatrenten 0,226 0,241 -0,015 -6,4%
Tabakgenuss 0,551 0,537 0,014 2,5%
Alkoholkonsum 0,554 0,548 0,006 1,1%
Verkehrsstaus 0,502 0,550 -0,048 -8,8%
Tourismus 0,157 0,037 0,120 324,1%
Löhne 0,349 0,344 0,005 1,5%
Legaler Drogenkonsum 0,199 0,186 0,013 7,0%
Währungsstärke 0,523 0,493 0,030 6,1%
Weltwirtschaft -0,832 -0,938 0,106 11,3%
Nahrungsmittelpreise 0,000 0,000 0,000 0,0%
Temperatur 0,075 0,079 -0,004 -5,3%
Lebenserwartung 0,749 0,699 0,050 7,2%
Internetwährungen 0,304 0,298 0,006 2,0%
Automatisierung 0,364 0,360 0,004 1,2%

Aktive Situationen

Situation Aktueller Wert Letztes Quatal Aktiv Seit
Alkoholmissbrauch 0,595 0,600 10 Runden
Obdachlosigkeit 0,479 0,497 10 Runden
Fettleibigkeit 0,460 0,494 10 Runden
Technologievorsprung 0,687 0,678 7 Runden
Hohe Produktivität 0,950 0,950 6 Runden

Finanzen

Wenn nichts anderes Angegeben, sind die Angaben in Millionen €
Parameter Aktueller Wert Letztes Quatal Δ Δ relativ
Einnahmen 278.101 272.200 5.901 2,2%
Ausgaben 263.943 267.496 -3.553 -1,3%
Neuverschuldung -14.158 -4.704 -9.454 -201,0%
Gesamtschulden 814.020 823.896 -9.876 -1,2%
Schuden / BIP 64,59% 68,55% -3,97% -5,8%
Zinssatz 1,86% 1,86% 0,00% 0,0%
Bonität AA AA
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Mikroökonomie in vier Posts (3/4)

Teil 1
Teil 2
Teil 4
Teil der Dritte
Rekapitulation: Am Anfang haben wir das Problem definiert: alle Ressourcen der Gesellschaft zuweisen, sodass gilt:
MU1/MC1 = MU2/MC2 = MU3/MC3 = MU4/MC4 = .... 
Letztes Mal lernten wir, dass die Märkte über Preissignale ein Ergebnis erzielen könnten, für das gilt:
MU1/P1 = MU2/P2 P1 = MC1 P2 = MC2 
was wiederum das gewünschte gesellschaftliche Ergebnis erzeugt.
In diesem Teil beschäftigen wir uns damit, wie die ganze schöne freie Marktmagie vermasselt werden kann.
Marktmacht
Monopole setzen den Preis höher als die Grenzkosten. Intuitiv gesehen stände ein Monopol einer ganzen Marktnachfragekurve gegenüber, und wenn man mehr Einheiten verkaufen wollte müsste man den Preis für jede Einheit reduzieren1. Jedes Econ 101 Lehrbuch führt einen durch die Grafiken und die Algebra. Das Wichtige ist, dass bei einem Monopol P > MC gilt.
Hm. Angenommen, wir haben zwei Märkte, einen mit einem Monopol und den anderen in perfektem Wettbewerb. Dann sind unsere drei Gleichungen:
P1 > MC1 P2 = MC2 MU1/P1 = MU2/P2 
Beim Einsetzen bekommen wir die Beziehung:
MU1/MC1 > MU2/MC2. 
Nicht gut! Das Monopol produziert zu wenig von Gut 1, und der Nutzen pro Kosten von Gut 1 übertrifft den von Gut 2. Monopole verursachen Verzerrungen: Sie erhöhen den Preis einer Ware und verringern die Produktion dieser Ware im Vergleich dazu, was der Markt ergeben würde.2
Externe Effekte
Eine weitere allgemeine Klasse von Marktversagen ist der Fall der Externalität. Angenommen, die Produktion einer Ware hat Überlaufkosten (“Spillover-Effekt”) auf andere Menschen, und wir verwenden den Begriff soziale Grenzkosten (SMU) für die Gesamtkosten der Produktion von Gut 1 (privat und spillover zusammen)3. Genauso nutzen wir den Begriff soziale Grenznutzen (SMU). Effizienz bedeutet jetzt, dass SMU1/SMC1 = SMU2/SMC2. Einfacher gesagt, Externalitäten sind Kosten und Nutzen für Personen, die nicht direkt am Handel beteiligt sind. Kohlendioxidemissionen verursachen eine globale Erwärmung, d.h. jedes Mal wenn man zur Arbeit fährt, legt man allen anderen Menschen auf dem Planeten Kosten auf. Bildung kann positive externe Effekte haben, indem eine Menge anderer gebildeter Menschen um einen rum zu haben es einfacher macht, Ideen auszutauschen und Innovation zu generieren.
In wettbewerbsbestimmten Märkten setzen die Preissignale nur die privaten Grenzkosten mit den privaten Grenznutzen gleich. Das Vorhandensein von Sozialkosten und Sozialnutzen bedeutet, dass diese Märkte die Waren im Verhältnis zum gesellschaftlichen Optimum falsch zuordnen.
Angenommen, Gut 1 erzeugt eine Externalität, sodass SMC1 > P1. Dann
P1 < SMC1 P2 = SMC2 MU1/P1 = MU2/P2 
Somit bekommen wir:
MU1/SMC1 < MU2/SMC2 
Der Nutzen pro Kosten von Gut 1 ist kleiner als der von Gut 2. Die Gesellschaft überproduziert Gut 1, da das Preissignal nicht adäquat alle Kosten der Herstellung dieses Gutes erfasst. Ein fast offensichtliches Beispiel sind CO2-Emissionen, die jede Gesellschaft in einem unregulierten freien Markt überproduziert.
Preissignale sind also unglaublich stark, aber auch eingeschränkt; sie übermitteln keine Informationen über soziale Kosten und Nutzen.
Öffentliche Güter
Der Begriff "öffentliche Güter" wird häufig missbraucht. Er bezieht sich auf Waren, die weder ausschließbar noch konkurrierend sind. Ein Gut ist nicht konkurrierend, wenn der Konsum eines Konsumenten nicht den Konsum eines anderen Konsumenten desselben Gutes einschränkt. Ein Gut ist nicht ausschließbar, wenn ein Konsument nicht davon abgehalten werden kann, das Gut zu konsumieren. Wir haben vier Fälle:
Märkte sind mächtige Werkzeuge für die Ressourcen- und Produktionsallokation. Aber sie sind nicht perfekt. In einigen Fällen ist es möglich, staatliche Interventionen zu nutzen, um einen Markt wieder in die richtige Richtung zu bringen. Staatliche Korrekturen von Marktversagen ist das Thema des nächsten Beitrags.
tuberousplant hat außerdem einen schönen Post mit ergänzenden Informationen zu dem Thema.
Fußnoten:
  1. Wir ignorieren hier Preisdiskriminierung.
  2. Heute weist fast jeder Markt etwas Marktmacht auf. Stellt sich heraus, dass die aggregierten Ressourcenallokationskosten von Monopolverzerrungen relativ klein sind, etwa 1% des BIP pro Jahr. Sprich, auch wenn Fehlallokation durch monopolistische Verzerrungen verursacht werden könnten, scheinen diese Monopolverzerrungen im Durchschnitt relativ klein. Dennoch, diese monopolistischen Preisverzerrungen sind die Grundlage nahezu aller regulatorischen Gesetze. (Anmerkung des Übersetzers: Hier wird von den USA geredet, Quelle)
  3. Siehe Rauchen oder die Umweltverschmutzung: Der Konsum von Zigaretten an einem öffentlichen Ort schadet den Menschen um den Raucher herum; ein Schaden, der nicht im Preis der Zigaretten enthalten war. Die Verwendung von kohlenstoffbasierten Kraftstoffen hat ebenfalls soziale Kosten, die nicht in den Marktpreisen enthalten sind.
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Handel 'Arrival of the Queen of Sheba' P. Barton, FEURICH ... Handel 1724 Giulio Cesare HWV 17 Emmanuelle Haïm - YouTube J. Haydn - Hob I:101 - Symphony No. 101 in D major 101 Handel - YouTube Handel - Dixit Dominus - Gardiner - YouTube

An der Frankfurter Wertpapierbörse wurden im elektronischen Handel (Xetra) am 23.10.2020 um 17:55 Uhr folgende Schlusskurse für die 30 Werte des Deutschen Aktienindex DAX festgestellt. 101Investing ist ein führender globaler Broker, der eine fortschrittliche & sichere Handelsplattform für den Handel mit Finanzanlagen bietet. Starten Sie in 3 einfachen Schritten in den Handel! Clejuso 101 - Eigenschaften. Die Arretierung erfolgt durch verschließen mit dem Schlüssel und schon ist die Verriegelung sicher eingerastet. Der Schlüssel wird lediglich für die Öffnung der Clejuso 101 Handfessel benötigt. Die fast starre Gelenk-Verbindung schränkt die Bewegungsfreiheit auf ein Minimum ein und sorgt so zusätzlich für ... Pandemie in Deutschland Handel bittet um mehr Corona-Disziplin . Stand: 31.07.2020 09:51 Uhr . Seitenanfang. Der Einzelhandel fürchtet einen erneuten Lockdown, falls die Corona-Zahlen weiter ... 2004/C 101/06: Bekanntmachung der Kommission über informelle Beratung bei neuartigen Fragen zu den Artikeln 81 und 82 des Vertrages, die in Einzelfällen auftreten (Beratungsschreiben) (1) 78: 2004/C 101/07: Bekanntmachung der Kommission — Leitlinien über den Begriff der Beeinträchtigung des zwischenstaatlichen Handels in den Artikeln 81 und 82 des Vertrags (1) 81: 2004/C 101/08 ...

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Handel 'Arrival of the Queen of Sheba' P. Barton, FEURICH ...

Crossout 101 - MAXIMIZE Your profit! - Duration: 24:24. TheCat PlaysGamez Recommended for you. 24:24. Language: English Location: United States Restricted Mode: Off History Help About ... Enjoy the videos and music you love, upload original content, and share it all with friends, family, and the world on YouTube. Support us on Patreon and get more content: https://www.patreon.com/classicalvault --- George Frideric Handel Dixit Dominus, HWV 232 Monteverdi Choir English... I describe how both of my harpsichords work and demonstrate the stops. A close look at the inside. I'd be glad to try to answer any questions you have. Thank... For free public domain PDF sheet music: http://imslp.org/wiki/Solomon,_HWV_67_%28Handel,_George_Frideric%29 go to tab: "Arrangements and Transcriptions" scro...

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